Corral: A new Cornell oat variety with improved grain yield and disease resistance

Date: 

2012

Summary: 

The Cornell Small Grains Breeding and Genetics Project has released a new spring oat variety called Corral with exceptionally high grain yield and disease resistance. This variety is resistant to barley yellow dwarf virus and is more lodging resistant than other oat varieties, thus increasing the efficiency of production for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits.

Issue: 

Small grains are grown on about 400,000 acres of New York farms annually. Improved varieties with high grain yields, resistance to plant diseases and improved grain quality are required for our farmers to remain competitive domestically and internationally. Consumers' increased preference for healthy and safe food products has increased demand for foods that not only taste good but also help to prevent heart disease and cancer. Locally produced farm products can result in substantial savings to the industry and to New York and help maintain local economic vitality and reduce energy consumption. Cornell has the only active small grains breeding program in the Northeast region that is developing and testing wheat, oats, rye and barley.

Response: 

Corral yields more and has good disease resistance, particularly to barley yellow dwarf virus which has been a perennial problem throughout the major oat growing regions of the U.S. Spring oat is a vital component of New York agriculture because it tolerates poor soils and low inputs. It is an environmentally friendly crop due to its low requirements for pesticides and fertilizers, and it helps prevent soil erosion.

Impact: 

A 5 percent increase in grain yield of a variety grown on half of the New York wheat acreage can result in over a million dollars in increased income to the New York wheat farmer annually. Consumers are the ultimate beneficiaries of this project because the results are healthier, safer, cheaper food products that are produced locally. The livestock industry benefits from cheaper feed, and the food processing industry benefits from access to locally produced raw materials. A healthy farm economy depends on locally adapted, competitive varieties of all crops and, in turn, contributes to the New York state economy. Because small grains are low-input crops requiring minimal tillage, less fertilizer and fewer pesticides, they contribute to environmental conservation and a clean environment.

Submitted by: 

  • Sorrells, Mark E

Researchers involved: 

  • Sorrells, Mark E

Organizations involved: 

  • USDA Wheat Quality Lab
  • Cornell Cooperative Extension
  • New York Seed Improvement Project

International focus: 

  • Canada
  • United States of America

United States focus: 

  • Illinois
  • New York