The objective of this project is to enhance public and academic understanding about a range of issues, including social inequality, poverty, insecurity, ecological degradation, new relations of social control, and social movements
Powdery mildew is one of the world's most destructive diseases of grapevines. We know that infection of grapevines occurs as soon as they begin to grow in spring, but epidemics seem to stall for about six weeks and go nowhere fast. We've found that it's our cold nights that are suppressing the disease. Two modes of action are suggested. First, cold nights stimulate a temporary defense response in the youngest, and ordinarily most-susceptible, leaves. Second, cold causes direct damage to the mildew colonies.
A conceptual framework was developed to describe how capacity supply is influenced by programs that allow customers to express their demand for reliability. The framework demonstrated that if the demand for reliability is not inelastic, at least some consumers would elect a level that is lower or higher than the universally imposed standard at prevailing supply costs. The efficiency of electricity markets can then be improved by implementing measures that reveal those preferences.
Local leaders increasingly need access to data for effective planning, to secure funding, to evaluate progress, etc. With the explosion of data available on the internet, challenges other than just basic access have emerged. The VIEW (Vital Indicators for Enhanced Well-being) program provides: a practical approach to thinking about data and indicators of human well-being, a source of useful data in various subject areas, information regarding how to interpret data and changes over time, and how to use this information strategically during the decision-making process.
In collaboration with the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP), this project has created a scientific panel to support activities that strengthen demographic training in Francophone Africa.
We currently have NSF funding from the Informal Science Education Program to support development of a new project, The YardMap Network, for which we are creating simple, visual mapping tools to gather data on habitat and sustainable practices in backyards, parks, and public spaces.
Ongoing research project, initiated in 2005, on the implementation of New York state’s Universal PreKindergarten Policy, reached a high point this past January with the publication of the Yearbook of the Politics of Education Association as a special issue of the journal Education Policy. John Sipple, and two colleagues (Lisa McCabe, Cornell University's Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research, and Carolyn Brown, Fordham University) were awarded (through a competitive process) the contract for editing the Yearbook.
Due to national budget gaps, the public university sector in the Netherlands is faced with a large (up to 20%) budget cut and is considering enhancing university licensing of inventions as a possible revenue source, as well as providing additional benefits. The two resultant conferences brought together Dutch and international researchers and business professionals to discuss experiences and expectations.
Grapevine leafroll disease, caused by several viruses, is transmitted through infected nursery stock. It is present in two-thirds of vineyards in the Finger Lakes, and results in yield and quality losses. Clean, virus-tested plants are the only solution. Dr. Miguel Gomez collaborated with 10 vineyard managers and wineries to develop estimates of financial costs to growers of the pathogen. Planting clean, virus-tested nursery stock will provide $9,000 to 16,000 per acre in additional returns over the life of the vineyard.
I hold an active leadership role in forming and providing collaborative leadership for a subcommittee of the New York City “Million Trees” Initiative (a part of PlaNYC). The subcommittee, called the Research and Evaluation Committee, is charged with developing a research agenda for the Million Trees project.