As a nation, we depend on farms to produce a constant supply of safe, nutritious food. In addition, U.S. agriculture is a significant contributor to our economy, international trade, and cultural identity. Natural or man-made disasters can have a substantial impact on the safety and security of our nation’s food supply and economic health. One effective way to reduce the impact of disasters is through education, stressing steps to improve disaster preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery.
Invasive species can have a major impact on the ability to export agricultural goods in our global economy. Monitoring for invasive species yet to be found in NYS is a major component of the Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey, a cooperative project between the NYS Ag & Markets, the NYS IPM Program, and Cornell Cooperative Extension grape programs.
In the U.S. we enjoy the safest, most abundant food production systems in the world. In addition to being a food source, agriculture is also important to us economically and socially. Currently, the USDA estimates that agriculture accounts for more than 15 percent of our gross domestic product and 1 in 6 jobs are related to agriculture in some way. However the improved production efficiencies have greatly reduced the number of people working on farms. As a result the average U.S. consumer is often completely disconnected from modern agricultural practices.
Dairy pre-weaned calves
Despite the recent proliferation of food hubs, as well as a substantial increase in support for their development, the public lacks data-driven economic impact assessments of these local food aggregation and distribution businesses. We present a replicable methodology to assess the regional economic impact of food hubs. We estimate a food-hub gross output multiplier of 1.82 for a New York case study. Our primary data indicate food hubs purchase higher levels of local inputs from farms than secondary data suggest, implying multipliers based on the latter may be low.
The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) was first discovered in the mid-Hudson Valley from a homeowner infestation in December 2008 and is now present in 35 New York counties. The study of the biology and ecology of this invasive insect through weekly survey and monitoring efforts will provide agricultural producers with timely updates throughout the growing season to assist in pest management decision making.
Over the course of 2011, we successfully trained more than 200 forest owners in the cultivation and marketing of forest-grown shiitake mushrooms.
The Cornell Small Grains Breeding and Genetics Project has released a new soft white winter wheat variety called Medina with exceptionally high grain yield, grain quality and disease resistance. This variety is moderately resistant to fusarium head blight and is more sprout resistant than older varieties, thus increasing the efficiency of production for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits.
The Northern Grapes Projects provides research and outreach in viticulture, enology, and marketing to growers of new 'Cold-Hardy' grape varieties that have spawned an emerging wine industry in the Upper Midwest and Northeast. We successfully demonstrated impact and were awarded 2.6 M from the USDA to complete the last two years of the project
Research conducted in our laboratory has determined that energy status of cows during the periparturient period and supplementation of chromium, a nutrient known to influence immune function in dairy cows, affects incidence of cytological endometritis in dairy cows.