Can a pest insect can be modified so that it will not reproduce or not be able to carry a pathogen that causes a disease of humans or crops? With discoveries of modern science and genetics, the answer is clearly ‘yes.’ Using techniques of genetic engineering, insects can be modified in the lab so they can’t reproduce or transmit a pathogen. The modified insects can then be released in the field to mate with pest insects. The results will be a crash in the pest population, reduction of damage, and decrease in the use of pesticides.
One of the options available to New York State to revitalize rural communities is the conversion of disused dairy farms to natural beef production. The demand for natural beef is well documented, and can be seen at the level of both individual consumers and restaurants. This program assesses the costs associated with raising beef naturally and the viability of using former dairy land for natural beef production.
In the second year after the first GIS vineyard block map was generated, National Grape Cooperative has teamed up with the Lake Erie Regional Grape Program, to fast track the implementation of GIS mapping for all their grower members. Currently, over 204 grape growers in the Lake Erie region have taken advantage of the maps offered by the Lake Erie Regional Grape Program.
Planting a 600-hill demonstration and research hopyard along with the creation of a Northeast Hops Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Working Group are just two of the ways the New York State IPM and Lake Erie Regional Grape programs are helping the hops industry stage a comeback in the Northeastern United States.
Group housing of calves with its attendant use of waste milk in a safe manner offers economical and biological advantages to producers. Previously held beliefs regarding disease risk have been changed with a new definition of proper ventilation and the advantages of more natural feeding methods and social interaction amongst baby calves.
Less than a year after the first GIS vineyard block map was generated by the Lake Erie Regional Grape Program, significant progress has been made in terms of grower participation in the GIS mapping program. Currently, over 55 grape growers in the Lake Erie region have taken advantage of the maps offered by the Lake Erie Regional Grape Program. As a result, over 11% of the 31,727 grape acres in the Lake Erie grape belt can be connected to a specific variety. Growers take part in the project by identifying their vineyard blocks either by short office visits, phone calls, or through emails.
This work will provide solutions for minimizing microbial biofilm formation and pathogen contamination in food processing plants, thus reducing the incidence of food-borne illness.
The favored tree of NY Christmas tree growers, Fraser fir, often suffers from root rot and sudden death. This work looked at three components of the problem in order to develop solutions for growers. 1) The susceptibility of different varieties of fir: in our field study, we found that Turkish fir was the most resistant to root rot. 2) The species of Phytophthora most commonly associated with the decayed root systems: Phytophthora cactorum and P. cryptogea were consistently isolated.
The purpose of this project was to provide food importers with information about the current status of the safety of imported foods.
Sales of organic vegetables and herbs have increased dramatically in recent years. In some cases these products are sold as potted plants to consumers or produced in the greenhouse environment. More often the produce is grown in a field but relies on healthy organically grown transplants for early/optimal yield. In soilless container transplant production, New York state growers have indicated several challenges related to fertility and managing the root zone that impact their ability to grow high quality transplants.