Growers and consumers detest rotten onions. They cause financial losses to both groups. Most rots are caused by bacterial pathogens, and there are no good methods available to prevent the problem. If the losses from rot can be reduced or eliminated, everyone will be happier! In 2007, my program began to address bacterial disease problems of onions.
We conduct a study at approximately three-year intervals to estimate the cost of establishing and producing vinifera grapes in Western NY, specifically the Finger Lakes region. A panel of vinifera producers is assembled to assist in providing estimates of the operations involved in establishing a vinifera vineyard in the Finger Lakes, the cost of establishment of the vineyard, and expected returns over the projected 25-year life of the investment.
Mobilizing volunteers through the Cornell Cooperative Extension (CCE) Master Gardener Volunteer (MGV) program helps the New York's land grant university maintain a presence that is responsive to local needs and efficiently spreads quality, evidence-based, ecologically sound gardening approaches throughout the state.
Fungicide and antibiotic resistance in populations of apple can result in considerable production losses in the temperate production regions of New York and New England. This project endeavors to understand the prevalence and mechanisms of fungicide and antibiotic resistance in pathogens of apple at both the field level and the individual or molecular level.
In March 2008, the Tart Cherry Federal Marketing Order was scheduled for a referendum to authorize continuing operations. A study was conducted for the U.S. Cherry Industry Administrative Board. The purpose of this study was to examine and analyze historical data from the last 35 years (1972-2006) and to answer the following question: Is the tart cherry industry better off operating pursuant to the marketing order, as measured by the farm gate value of tart cherries at the grower level, than it would be operating without the Order?
Among the three major fresh fruits found in western and Asian diets, apple, followed by banana and orange, showed the highest protective effect on stress-induced neuronal cell membrane damage.
A unique apple tree discovered in the Cornell apple breeding program was used in crosses to study genes influencing tree vigor and architecture. The use of plants with a distinctive appearance has been a traditional way to study genes with a major effect on tree size and branching. However, in apple, most dwarf or reduced stature plants fail to flower or set fruit, eliminating their use in genetic studies. The discovery of a unique tree type with the ability to set fruits provides us with material for use in genetic studies of plant architecture.
Snap beans are grown in New York state for processing uses and fresh markets. New York is ranked second in the nation in fresh market snap bean production, with a value of $48.1 million harvested from 4168 ha. New York's processing snap beans were valued at $15 million from 8053 ha. Pod blemishes reduce the market value of snap beans and when incidence and severity are high, blemishes will result in rejection of the crop by markets and processing plants. Outbreaks of pod blemishes occurred in 2000, 2006, and 2007.
Ontario County Farm Bureau runs a biannual program where the general public is invited to visit a local dairy farm to learn about agriculture. In October of 2008, this event attracted over 3,000 visitors to the Minns Family Dairy Farm. Karl Czymmek was invited to set up a station to provide manure nutrient management education to attendees.
The Finger Lakes Grape Program, Lake Erie Regional Grape Program, and the Long Island grape extension program, with industry and grape grower involvement, have developed and are implementing a grower self-assessment workbook for promoting sustainable viticulture statewide.