This project brings together a group of scholars working on the extractive industries, initially in a workshop that was held at Cornell in October of 2015. The group has subsequently decided to collect the papers presented at that workshop along with additional, solicited papers in an edited volume that will be published by Routledge as part of its series on Extractive Industries and Development. In February of 2016, I received a fellowship from the Rockefeller Foundation (Bellagio Center) to work on the volume, and that work has continued throughout the year.
We aim to develop biocontrol strategies for SWD.
Severe honey bee colony losses have occurred in New York for the past several years. These losses have greatly impacted full-time commercial beekeepers (>500 colonies), sideliners (50-500 colonies) and hobby beekeepers (<50 colonies) across the state. Beekeepers have expressed concern over how pesticides may be impacting colony health, yet the breadth and risk from pesticide exposure is largely unknown. To get a better handle on the situation, we designed two major field studies to quantify pesticide residues and risk across several sites throughout NYS.
Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs (BMSB) are invasive insects that damage plants outdoors and overwinter inside structures. Pest management professionals receive calls about this and other overwintering pests in the spring and fall, when pests attempt to exit and enter structures, respectively. The goal of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of physical exclusion in preventing brown marmorated stink bugs from entering buildings.
Onions are an important crop in New York, accounting for 97% of the onion production in the northeastern United States and ranked 6th for onion production across the country with an annual area of over 10,000 acres and sales of approximately $52 million. Stemphylium leaf blight has emerged as a major disease of onion in NY and Canada in recent years.
Under this initiative, I have have helped the United Nations' efforts to train policy-makers across several African countries. The idea is to help them appreciate and be ready to respond to population changes that are expected in the region for the next half century. One of these changes is a remarkable increase in the size of the youth population, but also in urban residence and education. These changes have dramatic implications for the services and infrastructure that need building as well as the social changes/disruptions to be expected.
We aim to characterize the impact of polysaccharides in the diet on gut homeostasis.
Eggplant is a common vegetable grown throughout Asia by resource-poor farmers. Eggplant is attacked by a caterpillar known as the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) and growers typically spray every 2-3 days to control it, usually with little success but with considerable health and environmental harm. Using an engineered plant that expresses a common bacterial protein used by organic growers, these farmers now have a solution that completely eliminates the need to spray for EFSB.
Large-scale conifer die-offs cause devastating environmental impacts in North America. While the linkages with bark beetle infestation driven by climate change have been well-studied, the comprehensive effects of die-off on biological communities have not. Using pristine, impacted and recovering forests in Alaska, we will examine these whole biome impacts. There is increasing realization that habitat perturbations damage human interests as well as impacting biodiversity – and should be subjected to a holistic approach.