This project strives to improve food availability, nutrition and health in eastern India and Africa while providing opportunities for diversification of income and consequent economic and social advancement of the rural poor and women in particular.
The project aims to strengthen both the agricultural education and extension systems in these institutions by addressing cross-cutting areas, including governance, gender and equity, innovative education programs, and modern information and communication technology.
The size, shape, and function of an organ is determined by the number, size, and type of its constituent cells. How the growth and division of cells is coordinated with the specialization of cells for particular functions is not well understood. To answer this question, we have developed the outermost leaf-like floral organ of the small plant Arabidopsis, its sepal, as a new model system for organogenesis.
We have developed pathogen detection systems for the identification of known and emerging viruses of grapevine.
In this study we are identifying the single and combined effects of plant compensatory responses to pests and diversity at a field and at a landscape scale to reduce pest pressure and increase yield in a more sustainable way. Plant compensatory responses allow plants that have been damaged by pests to yield as much or even more than undamaged plants. Our previous work has shown that potato tuber production can be doubled by low-level infestation of the tubers by the Guatemalan tuber moth, an important potato pest in Colombia.
Gardening has become a leading activity among educators, volunteers and a host of community organizations and agencies. There is a need to prepare educators to become more adept in research-based approaches to garden programming that fosters educator and youth leadership, and is grounded in solid ecological practices and well-organized program management tactics.
Dairy Discovery is an annual, statewide 1 1/2 day program for 15-19 year old youths who come to Cornell's campus for hands-on workshops that delve into the specifics of dairy cattle production management and dairy careers.
We study the evolution and function of mammalian and bacterial genomes using computers as our microscope.
Gardening has become a leading activity among educators, volunteers, and a host of community organizations and agencies. Within Cornell Cooperative Extension, garden programs are growing at a seemingly exponential rate. Many gardens struggle to sustain themselves, often feeling pressure to develop new garden programs rather than enhance current ones. Many CCE horticulture and 4-H youth development educators have stated that it is challenging to secure funding for their garden projects, both to kick-start the project, or keep it going and secure specific supply needs.
As interest in garden-based learning expands, New York State garden educators and program managers are hungry for professional development opportunities to enhance individual gardening knowledge and to support expansion and sustainability of garden projects. For three years, the Take Root! garden educator enrichment model has been assisting garden program staff and volunteers to strategically cultivate garden-based learning programs in ways that inspire involved youth, staff and community members.
Heat stress is a major inhibitor of production in livestock operations, causing severe economic loss. Environmental and management stressors erode efficiency and cost livestock production enterprises billions of dollars annually in lost potential profitability. For example, in the absence of heat abatement measures, total losses across all animal classes averaged $2.4 billion annually (St-Pierre et al., 2003). The objective of this study was to explore an alternative way to cool cows in times of heat stress.