In order to provide a background on the state of pollinators in NYS and how growers and consumers can affect their protection, we organized a statewide conference on Pollinator Protection.
An on-farm IPM (integrated pest management) education program was initiated with field corn and alfalfa farmers to teach sound pest and crop management decision-making and to improve farm profitability while protecting the environment. Extension efforts of the Livestock and Field Crops Team of the NYS IPM Program focus on the use of on-farm education in small learning groups. These groups, were called Pest, Production and Profit (Triple P) teams met at local farms once a month basis over the course of the growing season.
The Cornell Small Grains Breeding and Genetics Project has released a new soft red winter wheat variety called Erie with exceptionally high grain yield, grain quality and disease resistance. This variety is moderately resistant to fusarium head blight and is more sprout resistant than white wheat varieties, thus increasing the efficiency of production for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits.
This applied research project assesses the incidence and potential management of this emergent pest in on-farm demonstration plots using established trapping and monitoring techniques and tactics, with the collaboration and cooperation of CCE area Extension educators and private consultants, integrating their efforts with research protocols overseen by the co-PIs.
Grape rootworm is making a comeback in Lake Erie vineyards, reducing vine size and yield and Cornell extension and research staffs are ensuring growers have the tools needed to effectively manage this pest.
As regional extension staff has decreased the need to efficiently and effectively use staff time and resources has increased. Sharing successful programs across the region offers an opportunity to reach more producers with the limited staff available. Four indepth short courses where offered via webex video conferencing to 205 dairy farmers. Each course provided 15-20 hours of lecture and hands on farm experience.
Research-based IPM practices have been developed and modeled for grape pests on the Network for Environment and Weather Applications (NEWA) website. The purpose of this project was to determine if adoption of cost-effective, research-based IPM practices could be increased through a daily email (eNEWA alert) and education of the resources available on NEWA. Forty-seven participants took part in the beta testing of an eNEWA-grape alert.
A free application for Apple platforms, called 'Leaf Doctor' was further developed and tested in collaboration with A/Prof. Scot Nelson, University of Hawaii at Manoa. The program analyzes a photograph of a diseased leaf and quantifies the area affected by disease (severity) with high accuracy and precision.
The Winter Dairy Management program was held at 10 different sites across New York State. It's intended audience was dairy farmers, agriculture students and agriservice professionals. 296 people participated in the program. Program evaluations indicated that the program was very successful in providing information that farmers would use on their farms to increase profitability.
The multipronged approach to grower training on the use of NEWA resources by the NYS IPM Program, in conjunction with the Lake Erie Regional Grape Program Extension Team has resulted in savings by Lake Erie Region grape growers of $1 - $25 per acre. NEWA, the Network for Environment and Weather Applications, is a free, web-based weather and pest model information system (http://newa.cornell.edu/).