February 2015 will go down as one of the coldest on record pushing many vineyards past their hardiness thresholds. On February 16th, early morning temperatures reached damaging levels for most regionally grown grape varieties. NEWA weather stations across the Lake Erie region ranged from -17ᵒF to -29.9ᵒF. These cold temperatures left many grape growers with concerns about freeze damage. In response, the Lake Erie Regional Grape Program (LERGP) personnel combined efforts to determine the effects of the low temperatures.
We developed a desktop application called ‘Cluster’ to spatially analyse pixelated data in digital photographs. The user isolates target entities (clusters) by designating up to 24 pixel colours as non-targets and applying a threshold slider to visualise the targets. The app calculates the percent area occupied by targeted pixels and identifies the centroid and compass angle of orientation for each cluster. Anomalous clusters can be interactively deselected and excluded from analysis.
Annual Bluegrass Weevil (ABW) is one of the most troublesome pests of golf turfgrass. ABW management has relied heavily on pyrethroid insecticides, and overuse of these products has resulted in insecticide resistance. Few biological control practices are available for ABW management, and those that are available exhibit low efficacy due in part to poor establishment in turf soils. Our project seeks to identify novel applications of biological control agents against ABW.
20 students worked together across disciplines to address the "wicked problem" of dam removal, including addressing stored sediment, fish passage and habitat, flooding, energy generation, and public space.
The goal is to integrate Next Generation DNA sequencing with studies of physiology, morphology, and behavior, to develop simple, but conclusive genetic diagnostic tests to identify cryptic pest insects of economic importance, while also understanding the implications of hybridization with other closely realated non-pest insects. As a test case, we will focus on the apple maggot fly, Rhagoletis pomonella, the major quarantine pest threatening the multi-billion dollar apple industry in the Pacific Northwest. Stakeholders face a serious problem distinguishing R.
This project seeks to determine if cultural practices (compost and sand application) can be used on golf course fairways to improve biological control of annual bluegrass weevil (ABW) using entomopathogenic nematodes. Composts and sand alter soil physical and chemical conditions. These changes in soil conditions may improve soil habitat traits for nematodes, and thus may improve establishment and efficacy of nematodes against ABW. We will assess the relationship between golf course cultural practices and biological control on golf courses in Central and Western, NY.
An on-farm IPM (integrated pest management) education program was initiated with field corn and alfalfa farmers to teach sound pest and crop management decision-making and to improve farm profitability while protecting the environment. Extension efforts of the Livestock and Field Crops Team of the NYS IPM Program focus on the use of on-farm education in small learning groups. These groups, were called Pest, Production and Profit (Triple P) teams met at local farms once a month basis over the course of the growing season.
Development of strategies to make the Broadway corridor in Manhattan from Madison Square Park to Union Square park more pedestrian oriented and safe. This would also enhance economic development
Soil organic matter is critical for soil productivity, water quality and balancing greenhouse gases. Yet, our understanding of its properties and dynamics is still scant. Particularly the modeling of its behavior under future global change including climate warming has proven to pose significant challenges. The current activities provide a path forward in taking critical hurdles in our understanding of the fine-scale distribution of organic matter in soil and how this generates new ways of modeling soil organic matter behavior.
This study developed a simple and effective method for using BMSB monitoring tools as a trigger to initiate pest management. Management strategies to determine the most effective and least labor-intensive method for employing pest monitoring and management were recommended and tested in the field. Trapping assessments of populations employed multiple lure formulations in boarder traps, attract and kill strategies and passive trapping to determine presence and density.