In an era of expanding global trade, the challenges that face the safety of our food supply have become more acute. Finding long term solutions for the safety of imported foods requires training professionals able to tackle the unique food safety risks of a globally integrated world. In response to this need, we will develop a doctoral training program focused on international food safety.
We are investigating the combined impact of high temperature and soil moisture stress on maize production both historically and under projected climate change scenarios. The goal is to identify opportunities for adaptation to climate change to minimize negative impacts on maize, an important food and feed crop in the U.S. and workl-wide.
We evaluated the effect of 3 fertilizer treatments, liquid feed (LF), controlled-release (CR), or organic (O), on the population growth of M. persicae and A. solani on both peppers and pansies, as well as possible effects of the fertilizer treatments on biological control. Fertilizer treatment had a significant effect on growth of both peppers and pansies, though peppers responded more strongly than pansies. The pattern of plant size response and total % Nitrogen was similar on both peppers and pansies. LF led to larger plants and highest %N.
Investigating the impacts (alone, and combined) of high temperature and drought on corn production. This includes identifying possible management and breeding strategies to reduce or eliminate the negative impacts of these climate stresses on corn production.
The NYS Field Crop Weekly Pest Report provides timely pest information to field crop extension educators and agricultural professionals. The report compiles weekly pest and crop observations collected by field crop extension personnel across NYS. In addition, the weekly report provides a vehicle to disseminate other relevant IPM information such as pest identification, scouting techniques and a calendar with suggestions for pest management activities.
The brown marmorated stink bug invaded from Asia and has spread throughout much of the U.S., causing significant damage to orchard, vegetable and field crops. A new species of microsporidia has been found parasitizing brown marmorated stink bugs. We are describing this obligate pathogen which is native to stinkbugs in both North America and Asia and we are evaluating its distribution and impact of this pathogen on this important new invasive agricultural pest.
Through an interactive webinar series and accompanying online materials, this project is reaching growers and extension educators with resistance management IPM techniques. To ensure the relevance and usefulness of the information, we have worked with NY growers to evaluate their understanding of pesticide resistance and to develop IPM based plans for resistance management to train other growers in New York State, EPA Region 2 and beyond in IPM methods for pesticide resistance management.
Late blight, Phytophthora infestans, is a potentially explosive disease of potatoes and tomatoes. Growers have lost many millions of dollars in the past several years because of it. An advanced, experimental late blight forecast system was developed at Cornell. The CVP introduced growers to the system, demonstrating its capabilities on a small scale. Many growers are eager to adopt the new technology.
The remerging and geographically diverse hops industry in New York is being driven by a popularity of microbrews, home brewing and the buy local food movement. The production of hops in New York is currently, and will continue to be, typically a small operation (0.5 – 10 acres). However, with an estimated gross income between $10,000 between $30,000 an acre, potential losses to pests has many growers searching for the best IPM and/or organic management strategies.