Large-scale conifer die-offs cause devastating environmental impacts in North America. While the linkages with bark beetle infestation driven by climate change have been well-studied, the comprehensive effects of die-off on biological communities have not. Using pristine, impacted and recovering forests in Alaska, we will examine these whole biome impacts. There is increasing realization that habitat perturbations damage human interests as well as impacting biodiversity – and should be subjected to a holistic approach.
Planted stormwater retention and infiltration practices are important for reducing runoff and maximizing green space in urban areas. While a wide variety of herbaceous plants are often successfully used in these spaces ... they can present maintenance issues because of the need to annually cut back dead foliage and stems.
Utilizing woody plants decreases the need for additional seasonal maintenance while successfully adding aesthetic and
functional vegetation to stormwater retention practices.”
The wholesale value of horticulture specialty crops (defined as greenhouse, nursery, and related crops such as seeds and vegetable transplants) was $11.7 billion in 2009, the last year such comprehensive data was available (USDA NASS, 2010). Greenhouse production, a.k.a. controlled environment agriculture (CEA), is particularly important for growers faced with temperate and colder climates that make structures such as greenhouses and high tunnels vital for season extension and year-round production of flowers and edibles.
When superstorm Sandy opened a breach through Fire Barrier Island both development and natural resources were affected. NY Sea Grant assisted local managers in better understanding the potential impacts of the breach by funding research and disseminating the information through workshops and meetings. Managers are using this information to develop scientifically sound responses for managing this feature
Insect distribution in soil is influenced by the amount, distribution, and composition of soil organic matter (SOM). For years, there has been interest in using SOM amendments for mitigating damage by soil-dwelling pests, and studies in row crops and orchards have shown that organic matter manipulations can suppress insect pests and promote beneficial arthropods. The feasibility of such practices in turfgrass, however, has not been well studies. Practices focusing on SOM as a pest management tool in turf may provide additional benefits to soil.
Ecological research is increasingly concentrated at particular locations or sites. How well does site-based research represent broader areas? We provided an overview of this issue based on observations for the Hubbard Brook (HB) site. The feasibility of scaling up from intensive sites depends upon the phenomenon of interest and the characteristics of the site. For example, the HB site is representative of Northern Forest region in regard to effects of and recovery from acid rain.
There is significant incentive and interest in developing reduced- or non-chemical approaches for managing root-feeding pests in turfgrass, however, the successful development of such practices presents major challenges. Chief among these challenges is a poor understanding of soil characteristics which determine pest distribution in turf soils. The short-term objective of this project will be to conduct a field study to identify soil chemical and physical properties that explain distributional patterns of turf root pests on golf courses and home lawns.
Research-based IPM practices have been developed and modeled for grape pests on the Network for Environment and Weather Applications (NEWA) website. The purpose of this project was to determine if adoption of cost-effective, research-based IPM practices could be increased through a daily email (eNEWA alert) and education of the resources available on NEWA. Forty-seven participants took part in the beta testing of an eNEWA-grape alert.
The Cornell Small Grains Breeding and Genetics Project has released a new soft red winter wheat variety called Erie with exceptionally high grain yield, grain quality and disease resistance. This variety is moderately resistant to fusarium head blight and is more sprout resistant than white wheat varieties, thus increasing the efficiency of production for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits.
The oak wilt pathogen had been discovered for the first time in NYS in 2008 and in the same location again in 2013, because of this, I wanted to learn if it was located in other areas around the state where if it becomes established, NYS could lose a significant number of oak trees.The oak wilt