As regional extension staff has decreased the need to efficiently and effectively use staff time and resources has increased. Sharing successful programs across the region offers an opportunity to reach more producers with the limited staff available. Four indepth short courses where offered via webex video conferencing to 205 dairy farmers. Each course provided 15-20 hours of lecture and hands on farm experience.
The NYS Field Crop Weekly Pest Report provides timely pest information to field crop extension educators and agricultural professionals. The report compiles weekly pest and crop observations collected by field crop extension personnel across NYS. In addition, the weekly report provides a vehicle to disseminate other relevant IPM information such as pest identification, scouting techniques and a calendar with suggestions for pest management activities.
Insect distribution in soil is influenced by the amount, distribution, and composition of soil organic matter (SOM). For years, there has been interest in using SOM amendments for mitigating damage by soil-dwelling pests, and studies in row crops and orchards have shown that organic matter manipulations can suppress insect pests and promote beneficial arthropods. The feasibility of such practices in turfgrass, however, has not been well studies. Practices focusing on SOM as a pest management tool in turf may provide additional benefits to soil.
In this project, we aim to characterize the mechanisms by which gut microbes, either pathogenic or commensals, affect the gut epithelium. In particular, we are interested in understanding how microbes alter stem cell activity, and the cross talk between immune and developmental pathways in the gut.
The Winter Dairy Management program was held at 10 different sites across New York State. It's intended audience was dairy farmers, agriculture students and agriservice professionals. 296 people participated in the program. Program evaluations indicated that the program was very successful in providing information that farmers would use on their farms to increase profitability.
This project involves the design, implementation, and evaluation of tools that incorporate computational analysis techniques to support frame reflection into the processes of online political engagement. This work involves both the application of existing analytic methods and the development of novel computational techniques, as well as evaluation in two real-world settings: in public deliberative forums and with readers of political blogs.
Planted stormwater retention and infiltration practices are important for reducing runoff and maximizing green space in urban areas. While a wide variety of herbaceous plants are often successfully used in these spaces ... they can present maintenance issues because of the need to annually cut back dead foliage and stems.
Utilizing woody plants decreases the need for additional seasonal maintenance while successfully adding aesthetic and
functional vegetation to stormwater retention practices.”
There is significant incentive and interest in developing reduced- or non-chemical approaches for managing root-feeding pests in turfgrass, however, the successful development of such practices presents major challenges. Chief among these challenges is a poor understanding of soil characteristics which determine pest distribution in turf soils. The short-term objective of this project will be to conduct a field study to identify soil chemical and physical properties that explain distributional patterns of turf root pests on golf courses and home lawns.
Release of the oocyte from the ovarian follicle at ovulation must occur with precise timing and be localized to the outer surface of the ovary in order to insure successful delivery of the oocyte into the female reproductive tract and fertilization. The mechanisms that control the site of follicle rupture have not been determined.
The goal of this project is to understand the life history and evolutionary genomics of recenlty discovered mycoplasma-related endobacteria (MRE) of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF, subphylum Glomeromycotina). To this end, we sequenced, assembled, annotated, and analyzed MRE metagenomes associated with three AMF species. This work revealed that MRE gene content is highly reduced, suggesting metabolic dependence on the AMF hosts. Remarkably, the MRE genomes harbor multiple genes horizontally acquired from AMF.