Some apple varieties are susceptible to a storage disorder known as external carbon dioxide injury. The most susceptible varieties, McIntosh, Empire and Cortland, are important for the New York industry.
This injury is visible on the skin of the fruit and can result in serious economic losses. Risk of injury is greater when fruit has been stored with the new SmartFresh technology that has had a huge positive impact for many New York apple varieties by maintaining texture not only during storage during marketing and in consumers' homes.
Our goal is to enrich staple crops with highly digestible micronutrients, including essential trace elements and vitamins, by plant breeding and fertilizing. With appropriate processing and cooking, these staples will provide sufficient bioavailable nutrients for all people, particularly those with constrained resources, to meet their physiological requirements.
For the last six years, I have co-directed a project on the impact of globalization on the poor in the developing world. The launching of my book on "Poverty and Globalization in Asia, Latin America and Africa" (Oxford University Press, 2010) was the climax of a project that generated 3 books and 4 special issues of journals and articles co-authored or co-edited by me.
This was a NESARE Research and Extension Grant to improve the viability of meat goat farms by: 1) developing a kidding season mentoring curriculum to help new farmers through their initial kidding seasons (30 formal mentoring teams participated); 2) developing sample budget spreadsheets and farm business summaries based on real farm information (16 farms participated) to provide more accurate financial comparisons for new and experienced farmers; 3) creating fact sheets based on observations from real farms to familiarize farmers with several management practices to improve herd productivit
This project is the third facet of the creation of the Avian Knowledge Network (www.avianknowledge.net), an initiative to: (1) bring together all available bird monitoring data into a single, easily accessible repository; (2) produce exploratory analyses of these data in order to identify environmental features that have a high likelihood of affecting birds' distribution and abundance; and (3) create mechanisms for extracting from these analyses the patterns and relationships most relevant to an individual wishing to use analysis output.
Evolution of sociality must involve adaptive benefits to offset the costs of living closely with competitors, especially among potentially cannibalistic predators such as spiders. These adaptations may involve behavioral, ecological and physiological strategies for living in groups.
The Empire State Poll (ESP) is an annual survey of New York State residents on various policy-relevant issues. The Community and Rural Development Institute (CaRDI) commissions an additional rural survey to supplement the ESP, enabling us to provide statistically significant data to compare the attitudes, perceptions, and status of rural New Yorkers to their suburban and urban counterparts across the state.
This project examines why people trust science and scientists and what influences their attitudes toward scientific research in new and emerging areas of technology, such as nanoscale science and engineering (NSE). As communication researchers, our particular interests include looking at how people evaluate the communication they receive about science, either in person or through the mass media, and how this information relates to their attitudes toward science and scientists.
Landscape architecture has been particularly active in the SJTU-CALS exchange through a series of 10 day design seminars and travel tours offered in the US and China in alternating years, supported by faculty collaborations and visiting scholar activities.
If we can predict the likelihood of an unsafe condition for food during processing or distribution, we can look for ways to prevent it from happening. However, such prediction is difficult due to tremendous variation in food types and how they are prepared, transported, and stored. This project combined several advances in computer simulation to develop a tool for food science extension workers, educators, and researchers that will allow easy and accurate prediction of unsafe food situations.