Planted stormwater retention and infiltration practices are important for reducing runoff and maximizing green space in urban areas. While a wide variety of herbaceous plants are often successfully used in these spaces ... they can present maintenance issues because of the need to annually cut back dead foliage and stems.
Utilizing woody plants decreases the need for additional seasonal maintenance while successfully adding aesthetic and
functional vegetation to stormwater retention practices.”
Small grains provide multiple benefits to organic farms, but are often underutilized because of their relatively low economic value. Our value added grains project has added value in multiple ways to wheat and specialty grain crops to substantially increase their production and enhance the diversity and sustainability of organic farms. By providing the farmer with rotation options the efficiency of production is increased for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits. Specialty grains grown organically are environmentally friendly crops and help reduce soil erosion.
The Northern Grapes Projects provides research and outreach in viticulture, enology, and marketing to growers of new 'Cold-Hardy' grape varieties that have spawned an emerging wine industry in the Upper Midwest and Northeast. We successfully demonstrated impact and were awarded 2.6 M from the USDA to complete the last two years of the project
The Northern Grapes Project aims to develop research-based viticulture, enology, and marketing recommendations for novel, cold-climate wine grape cultivars that support a growing, rural small-winery industry in the upper Midwest and New England.
New, cold-hardy wine grape varieties released by the University of Minnesota and private breeders have created a new industry in cold-climate areas where it was previously impossible to grow grapes because of winter low temperatures. New vineyards and wineries (300) are being started by new producers. Research is needed to maximize the benefit of these new varieties to produce products that consumers will like and convert these 'startup businesses' into 'sustainably profitable businesses,' supporting rural economic development in 12 Northeastern and Midwestern states.
Cornell faculty, working collaboratively with researchers from USDA and China, are working on techniques for restoring desertified and degraded agricultural grassland soils in order to decrease irrigation demands and increase resiliency to climate extremes.
The viticulture and enology steering committee created a quarterly electronic newsletter, Appellation Cornell, to provide in-depth research articles written for laypersons, as well as faculty profiles, student profiles, industry profiles, and brief articles to highlight research, extension, and teaching activities of Cornell's Viticulture and Enology Program to a national and international audience. In its first year, readership comprised 1000 to 1500 online subscribers in 45 states, three Canadian provinces, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. Fifty articles were published in 2010.
New cold-climate wine-grape cultivars that are hardy down to minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit, developed by University of Minnesota and private breeders, have spawned a new small winery industry where it was previously impossible to grow grapes—including the Thousand Islands and Lake Champlain regions of New York. Vineyard owners along with research and extension personnel from ten Midwestern and Northeastern states convened to plan a research and extension strategy to promote development of this new industry.
Invasive plants change plant communities and ecosystem function across North America. My work assesses how changes in plant communities and management of invasive plants using biological control affects a wide range of native biota.
The goal of my research program is to identify and evaluate multiple strategies than can be integrated to control weeds in vegetable and fruit crops. The strategies may be traditional (chemical, mechanical) or more unusual (cover crops, natural products, weed biology/ecology, crop rotations). The intention is to develop methods of ensuring continued production of healthy foods while maintaining economic sustainability for growers and the safety of the food supply and environment.