The viticulture and enology steering committee created a quarterly electronic newsletter, Appellation Cornell, to provide in-depth research articles written for laypersons, as well as faculty profiles, student profiles, industry profiles, and brief articles to highlight research, extension, and teaching activities of Cornell's Viticulture and Enology Program to a national and international audience. In its first year, readership comprised 1000 to 1500 online subscribers in 45 states, three Canadian provinces, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. Fifty articles were published in 2010.
The goal of my research program is to identify and evaluate multiple strategies than can be integrated to control weeds in vegetable and fruit crops. The strategies may be traditional (chemical, mechanical) or more unusual (cover crops, natural products, weed biology/ecology, crop rotations). The intention is to develop methods of ensuring continued production of healthy foods while maintaining economic sustainability for growers and the safety of the food supply and environment.
The primary focus of this project is to support the existing and expanding grape and wine industries in New York and other states east of the Rocky Mountains by increasing the abilities of grape producers and their advisers to manage infectious diseases that limit profitability and preclude sustainable production if not addressed adequately. Additionally, the project has several components that are applicable to the grape industry in the western U.S. and to those in overseas locations.
Intellectual property rights for plants have increased private investment and breeder numbers. This study examines the effect on the quality of wheat germplasm in the state of Washington. Using state variety testing data, the intellectual property rights (IPR) system was found to lead to more productive varieties from both public and private breeders.
Hybrids of native and European grapes are widely planted in the Eastern and Midwestern U.S. However, so-called "hybrid" aromas typical of these crosses often compromise the flavor quality of wines from these grapes. Preventing these unpleasant aromas is difficult due to a lack of understanding of optimal growing conditions for these species and the hands-off approach many hybrid grape growers take.
Displacement of fossil fuels with bioenergy crops is an economically viable option for the Northeast and is in fact beginning to occur commercially in the region. Perennial grasses and other crops can reduce our dependence on non-renewable energy and lower greenhouse gas emissions; however, agronomic commercial-scale research on dedicated bioenergy crop production in the Northeast is needed for the development of this industry.
The long-term goal of this project is to address the need of the U.S. wheat markets for rapid, science-based methods of assessing the elasticity (wheat quality) of wheat flours from different U.S. wheat classes. The elastic properties of wheat gluten (hydrated wheat proteins) are unique, but there are still many challenges to understanding the biochemical basis for differences in the elasticity of wheat gluten.