We have continued to shape discussion among local government and school leaders in terms of creative response to fiscal stress.
The viticulture and enology steering committee created a quarterly electronic newsletter, Appellation Cornell, to provide in-depth research articles written for laypersons, as well as faculty profiles, student profiles, industry profiles, and brief articles to highlight research, extension, and teaching activities of Cornell's Viticulture and Enology Program to a national and international audience. In its first year, readership comprised 1000 to 1500 online subscribers in 45 states, three Canadian provinces, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. Fifty articles were published in 2010.
The Cornell Nutrition Analysis Program (CNAL) is an integrated research, teaching and extension/service analytical facility. The laboratory currently provide analytical support (analyses and training) in support of the research programs of more than 40 faculty members in 10 different departments at Cornell University. In addition, the laboratory staff provides training for undergraduate and graduate students in soil, plant, water and environmental analyses and interpretations of results. The laboratory's research and environmental programs currently analyze about 15,000 samples annually.
My research projects have focused on odor-mediated interactions between flowering plants and insect pollinators across the spectrum of specialized-to-generalized pollination systems (yuccas, night-blooming tobaccos, thistles). This program is largely exploratory and nonapplied; technological limits and historical bias have resulted in historical neglect of the basic importance of floral scent to pollinator attraction and avoidance of natural enemies.
For five decades, the project has developed new fundamental and application knowledge on the nature and management (IPM) of the pathogens and diseases of onions grown on the muckland (organic) soils of New York. Studies on the nature and management of pathogens and diseases affecting other vegetable crops grown on the muckland soils also were undertaken as needed and that growers requested. Such studies were emphasized for the time durations required for problem resolution.
The primary focus of this project is to support the existing and expanding grape and wine industries in New York and other states east of the Rocky Mountains by increasing the abilities of grape producers and their advisers to manage infectious diseases that limit profitability and preclude sustainable production if not addressed adequately. Additionally, the project has several components that are applicable to the grape industry in the western U.S. and to those in overseas locations.
This project explores the societal and ethical implications of nanotechnology, particularly in relation to users of the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (NNIN). It also involves the maintenance and development of a portal related to social and ethical issues of nanotechnology on the NNIN's website (http://www.nnin.org/society-ethics). Finally, it involves the coordination of social and ethical research among NNIN sites.
Molecular mechanics computer simulations are being used to model the interaction of the multi-domain processive exocellulase CBH I from T. reesei, a biological "nano-machine," interacting with a cellulose microfibril, in order to understand the mechanism of hydrolysis as a guide in designing improved mutant enzymes with enhanced turnover rates. This work is basic to improving biomass conversion, the effort to convert cellulose in materials such as wood chips and corn stover to alcohol for use as a transportation fuel, a national research priority.
Research in my lab examines the functional significance of animals in aquatic ecosystems. This includes examining the consequence of species loss as well the addition of novel organisms through invasion. In addition, we are interested in how organisms interact with their environment in an evolutionary context.
Invasive plants change plant communities and ecosystem function across North America. My work assesses how changes in plant communities and management of invasive plants using biological control affects a wide range of native biota.