Planted stormwater retention and infiltration practices are important for reducing runoff and maximizing green space in urban areas. While a wide variety of herbaceous plants are often successfully used in these spaces ... they can present maintenance issues because of the need to annually cut back dead foliage and stems.
Utilizing woody plants decreases the need for additional seasonal maintenance while successfully adding aesthetic and
functional vegetation to stormwater retention practices.”
Eating fish provides important health benefits, but some fish have toxic contaminants; eating too much of these fish has health risks. In the Great Lakes region, women of child-bearing age and urban anglers are groups that are considered particularly at risk from contaminants in fish. We worked with state agencies to develop and test fish consumption guidelines that encourage these groups to eat safer fish.
Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, originally from Asia, is an invasive fruit fly that became established in NY and surrounding states in autumn of 2011. Unlike other fruit flies that typically only infest overripe and rotten fruit, female SWD oviposit in ripe fruit, thereby making them unmarketable. Economic loss projections for NY fruit are estimated at $5M. Soft-skinned fruits are at greatest risk.
Ecological change in large lakes affects the livelihoods of a large number of people. Food web dynamics is at the heart of these changes, as they affect fish and fisheries. We have developed methods to assess the lower trophic levels on which fish depend and are analyzing the effects of ecological change on the whole food web. We are since 2012 the main EPA grantee for monitoring the lower trophic levels of all five Great Lakes, from Superior to Ontario and share this information with managers in the US and Canada
Group housing of calves with its attendant use of waste milk in a safe manner offers economical and biological advantages to producers. Previously held beliefs regarding disease risk have been changed with a new definition of proper ventilation and the advantages of more natural feeding methods and social interaction amongst baby calves.
The Northern Grapes Projects provides research and outreach in viticulture, enology, and marketing to growers of new 'Cold-Hardy' grape varieties that have spawned an emerging wine industry in the Upper Midwest and Northeast. We successfully demonstrated impact and were awarded 2.6 M from the USDA to complete the last two years of the project
The Northern Grapes Project aims to develop research-based viticulture, enology, and marketing recommendations for novel, cold-climate wine grape cultivars that support a growing, rural small-winery industry in the upper Midwest and New England.
New, cold-hardy wine grape varieties released by the University of Minnesota and private breeders have created a new industry in cold-climate areas where it was previously impossible to grow grapes because of winter low temperatures. New vineyards and wineries (300) are being started by new producers. Research is needed to maximize the benefit of these new varieties to produce products that consumers will like and convert these 'startup businesses' into 'sustainably profitable businesses,' supporting rural economic development in 12 Northeastern and Midwestern states.
Dairy researchers are convinced that relatively high fiber digestibility is essential for high milk production. Harvest management decisions for spring forage harvests are critical given the small range in optimal fiber content (NDF) to make silage for lactating dairy cows.
The European honey bee, an important pollinator of New York’s most lucrative vegetable crops, continues to suffer population declines due to Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) as well as other biotic and abiotic factors. Consequently, fewer honey bee hives are available, causing hive rental fees to increase dramatically and forcing growers to either spend more on renting hives or gamble by not renting hives and hope wild bees will pollinate their crops.