This study developed a simple and effective method for using BMSB monitoring tools as a trigger to initiate pest management. Management strategies to determine the most effective and least labor-intensive method for employing pest monitoring and management were recommended and tested in the field. Trapping assessments of populations employed multiple lure formulations in boarder traps, attract and kill strategies and passive trapping to determine presence and density.
Eutrophication associated with excess nutrient pollution in shallow marine ecosystems is poorly understood relative to deeper systems. This project investigates various feedbacks that may occur during eutrophication that either aggravate or partially mitigate the effects of nutrient pollution in a shallow estuary. A large reduction in nitrogen loading from the watershed allows a unique opportunity to also study the start of ecosystem recovery.
There is growing public concern in the Northeastern U.S. over pesticide use on school and community playing fields. However, there are limited options available for alternative pest management practices for school grounds. Our project will assess the impact of repetitive overseeeding as an alternative pest management practice on school sports fields.
Planted stormwater retention and infiltration practices are important for reducing runoff and maximizing green space in urban areas. While a wide variety of herbaceous plants are often successfully used in these spaces ... they can present maintenance issues because of the need to annually cut back dead foliage and stems.
Utilizing woody plants decreases the need for additional seasonal maintenance while successfully adding aesthetic and
functional vegetation to stormwater retention practices.”
This project has sought to elucidate the life cycles of two rust diseases that are relatively new to New York, pear trellis rust and Japanese apple rust. Finding the rest of the life cycle (as it is being carried out in New York) has required the use of molecular techniques to identify the rust on its juniper hosts. Recently surveys were successful in identifying a host for the pear trellis rust, and two hosts for the Japanese apple rust, providing the green industry with information needed to make good choices for what ornamentals should not be paired together in the landscape.
A working group of applied and basic researchers has been established to coordinate research and extension regarding a highly damaging new disease of boxwood. University and USDA-ARS workers studying disease management and epidemiology, pathogen survival and genetics are collaborating closely to develop a highly focused effort resulting in new information and its dissemination.
Our work is trying to build a research foundation to inform land grant and other university outreach work that is intended to engage with and influence local policy audiences. We are attempting to empirically characterize decision making processes and normatively understand how the academy might more effectively pursue a goal of better supported locally made informed public decisions, especially in the face of policy complexity and controversy
The Cornell Institute for Climate Change and Agriculture (CICCA) serves as a focal point to facilitate research, education, and outreach to help farmers in the Northeast become more resilient to extreme weather and climate variability and reduce their impact on climate change, through increased use of renewable energy and adoption of best management practices.
Climate change is affecting agriculture in the northeastern US in many ways. Heavy precipitation events are up 72%, growing seasons are longer, winters are warmer and summers hotter. These changes pose new challenges to agriculture in the region but also potential opportunities to expand and diversify what is grown in the region where 22% of the US population lives. It is critically important to keep farmers, government agencies, policy makers and many others up to date on the challenges but also the opportunities as the climate continues to change.