This study developed a simple and effective method for using BMSB monitoring tools as a trigger to initiate pest management. Management strategies to determine the most effective and least labor-intensive method for employing pest monitoring and management were recommended and tested in the field. Trapping assessments of populations employed multiple lure formulations in boarder traps, attract and kill strategies and passive trapping to determine presence and density.
Eutrophication associated with excess nutrient pollution in shallow marine ecosystems is poorly understood relative to deeper systems. This project investigates various feedbacks that may occur during eutrophication that either aggravate or partially mitigate the effects of nutrient pollution in a shallow estuary. A large reduction in nitrogen loading from the watershed allows a unique opportunity to also study the start of ecosystem recovery.
Planted stormwater retention and infiltration practices are important for reducing runoff and maximizing green space in urban areas. While a wide variety of herbaceous plants are often successfully used in these spaces ... they can present maintenance issues because of the need to annually cut back dead foliage and stems.
Utilizing woody plants decreases the need for additional seasonal maintenance while successfully adding aesthetic and
functional vegetation to stormwater retention practices.”
Our work is trying to build a research foundation to inform land grant and other university outreach work that is intended to engage with and influence local policy audiences. We are attempting to empirically characterize decision making processes and normatively understand how the academy might more effectively pursue a goal of better supported locally made informed public decisions, especially in the face of policy complexity and controversy
The Cornell Institute for Climate Change and Agriculture (CICCA) serves as a focal point to facilitate research, education, and outreach to help farmers in the Northeast become more resilient to extreme weather and climate variability and reduce their impact on climate change, through increased use of renewable energy and adoption of best management practices.
Climate change is affecting agriculture in the northeastern US in many ways. Heavy precipitation events are up 72%, growing seasons are longer, winters are warmer and summers hotter. These changes pose new challenges to agriculture in the region but also potential opportunities to expand and diversify what is grown in the region where 22% of the US population lives. It is critically important to keep farmers, government agencies, policy makers and many others up to date on the challenges but also the opportunities as the climate continues to change.
Spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is a new invasive insect pest of soft-skinned fruit crops. Unlike most fruit flies that only infest overripe and rotten fruit, female SWD will lay eggs in ripening and ripe fruit and therefore, represents a significant threat. Our research has focused on learning more about the general biology of SWD and developing and testing short and longer-term pest management strategies as well as communicating results of our research to fruit growers in NY and surrounding states.
Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, originally from Asia, is an invasive fruit fly that became established in NY and surrounding states in autumn of 2011. Unlike other fruit flies that typically only infest overripe and rotten fruit, female SWD oviposit in ripe fruit, thereby making them unmarketable. Economic loss projections for NY fruit are estimated at $5M. Soft-skinned fruits are at greatest risk.
New, cold-hardy wine grape varieties released by the University of Minnesota and private breeders have created a new industry in cold-climate areas where it was previously impossible to grow grapes because of winter low temperatures. New vineyards and wineries (300) are being started by new producers. Research is needed to maximize the benefit of these new varieties to produce products that consumers will like and convert these 'startup businesses' into 'sustainably profitable businesses,' supporting rural economic development in 12 Northeastern and Midwestern states.
Group housing of calves with its attendant use of waste milk in a safe manner offers economical and biological advantages to producers. Previously held beliefs regarding disease risk have been changed with a new definition of proper ventilation and the advantages of more natural feeding methods and social interaction amongst baby calves.