We have continued to shape discussion among local government and school leaders in terms of creative response to fiscal stress.
The Cornell Dairy Fellows Program is designed for students who are interested in careers related to the dairy industry. Approximately 140 students participate in the Fellows Program each year. The program integrates a set of courses addressing the disciplines in the industry, industry and farm visits, in-depth farm analysis, seminars with industry leaders, industry conferences, exchange programs, international trips, and summer internships in dairy-related careers. These experiences allow students to apply their knowledge, skills, and mind-set in multiple real-life situations.
The viticulture and enology steering committee created a quarterly electronic newsletter, Appellation Cornell, to provide in-depth research articles written for laypersons, as well as faculty profiles, student profiles, industry profiles, and brief articles to highlight research, extension, and teaching activities of Cornell's Viticulture and Enology Program to a national and international audience. In its first year, readership comprised 1000 to 1500 online subscribers in 45 states, three Canadian provinces, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. Fifty articles were published in 2010.
For five decades, the project has developed new fundamental and application knowledge on the nature and management (IPM) of the pathogens and diseases of onions grown on the muckland (organic) soils of New York. Studies on the nature and management of pathogens and diseases affecting other vegetable crops grown on the muckland soils also were undertaken as needed and that growers requested. Such studies were emphasized for the time durations required for problem resolution.
Invasive plants change plant communities and ecosystem function across North America. My work assesses how changes in plant communities and management of invasive plants using biological control affects a wide range of native biota.
We are creating new materials and approaches for promoting collaborative instructional programs and research projects that will effectively address the growing worldwide challenge to develop new food and fiber production systems that also maintain healthy ecosystems and viable rural livelihoods. An Internet-based platform has been designed that efficiently and effectively connects students, researchers, and practitioners to examine case studies of "real-world" conservation and sustainable development issues.
Feeding grains and their by-products to young, growing ruminants and, under certain conditions, to breeding and lactating animals is often more economical than it is to feed forage. Experimental results have shown, however, that the ingredient composition of grains and their by-products, primarily their fermentable fiber level, alters maximum dry matter intake. Low levels of fermentable fiber lead to metabolic disturbances.
Intellectual property rights for plants have increased private investment and breeder numbers. This study examines the effect on the quality of wheat germplasm in the state of Washington. Using state variety testing data, the intellectual property rights (IPR) system was found to lead to more productive varieties from both public and private breeders.
Growers and consumers detest rotten onions. They cause financial losses to both groups. Most rots are caused by bacterial pathogens, and there are no good methods available to prevent the problem. If the losses from rot can be reduced or eliminated, everyone will be happier! In 2007, my program began to address bacterial disease problems of onions.
Hybrids of native and European grapes are widely planted in the Eastern and Midwestern U.S. However, so-called "hybrid" aromas typical of these crosses often compromise the flavor quality of wines from these grapes. Preventing these unpleasant aromas is difficult due to a lack of understanding of optimal growing conditions for these species and the hands-off approach many hybrid grape growers take.