This study developed a simple and effective method for using BMSB monitoring tools as a trigger to initiate pest management. Management strategies to determine the most effective and least labor-intensive method for employing pest monitoring and management were recommended and tested in the field. Trapping assessments of populations employed multiple lure formulations in boarder traps, attract and kill strategies and passive trapping to determine presence and density.
The Cornell Small Grains Breeding and Genetics Project has released a new soft red winter wheat variety called Erie with exceptionally high grain yield, grain quality and disease resistance. This variety is moderately resistant to fusarium head blight and is more sprout resistant than white wheat varieties, thus increasing the efficiency of production for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits.
Investigating the impacts (alone, and combined) of high temperature and drought on corn production. This includes identifying possible management and breeding strategies to reduce or eliminate the negative impacts of these climate stresses on corn production.
Through an interactive webinar series and accompanying online materials, this project is reaching growers and extension educators with resistance management IPM techniques. To ensure the relevance and usefulness of the information, we have worked with NY growers to evaluate their understanding of pesticide resistance and to develop IPM based plans for resistance management to train other growers in New York State, EPA Region 2 and beyond in IPM methods for pesticide resistance management.
Climate change is affecting agriculture in the northeastern US in many ways. Heavy precipitation events are up 72%, growing seasons are longer, winters are warmer and summers hotter. These changes pose new challenges to agriculture in the region but also potential opportunities to expand and diversify what is grown in the region where 22% of the US population lives. It is critically important to keep farmers, government agencies, policy makers and many others up to date on the challenges but also the opportunities as the climate continues to change.
Epilepsy affects several million American citizens. Though there is much research done on epilepsy, little is known about how epilepsy develops. This project utilizes Drosophila (the fruit fly) to identify genes that are involved in the development of epilepsy. We have identified a previously unknown gene that leads to seizures. We are currently determining how this gene leads to the development of seizures.
Small grains provide multiple benefits to organic farms, but are often underutilized because of their relatively low economic value. Our value added grains project has added value in multiple ways to wheat and specialty grain crops to substantially increase their production and enhance the diversity and sustainability of organic farms. By providing the farmer with rotation options the efficiency of production is increased for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits. Specialty grains grown organically are environmentally friendly crops and help reduce soil erosion.
Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, originally from Asia, is an invasive fruit fly that became established in NY and surrounding states in autumn of 2011. Unlike other fruit flies that typically only infest overripe and rotten fruit, female SWD oviposit in ripe fruit, thereby making them unmarketable. Economic loss projections for NY fruit are estimated at $5M. Soft-skinned fruits are at greatest risk.
Ecological change in large lakes affects the livelihoods of a large number of people. Food web dynamics is at the heart of these changes, as they affect fish and fisheries. We have developed methods to assess the lower trophic levels on which fish depend and are analyzing the effects of ecological change on the whole food web. We are since 2012 the main EPA grantee for monitoring the lower trophic levels of all five Great Lakes, from Superior to Ontario and share this information with managers in the US and Canada
The Cornell Small Grains Breeding and Genetics Project has released a new spring oat variety called Corral with exceptionally high grain yield and disease resistance. This variety is resistant to barley yellow dwarf virus and is more lodging resistant than other oat varieties, thus increasing the efficiency of production for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits.