The Cornell Local Roads Program provides technical assistance and training for local government highway officials and employees in 1,608 municipalities in New York.
We oversee coordination of subcontracted partner institutions on various continents to screen wheat germplasm for resistance to the Ug99 race of black stem rust, discover and deploy new sources of genetic resistance through varietal development, and the multiplication and popularization of these durably resistant varieties to the benefit of small shareholder farmers and urban poor in developing countries of the world.
We have striven to take the mystique out of engineering science and show our clients how they can adopt interesting techniques to improve their pesticide application methods. We have shown how to reduce pesticides in apples and grapes by 30 percent and how to penetrate thatch in turfgrass and get better anthracnose control. We have shown all airblast sprayer operators how to target their sprayers properly to avoid drift onto neighboring properties. We have instructed all new employees of Cornell University who will apply pesticides.
My research projects have focused on odor-mediated interactions between flowering plants and insect pollinators across the spectrum of specialized-to-generalized pollination systems (yuccas, night-blooming tobaccos, thistles). This program is largely exploratory and nonapplied; technological limits and historical bias have resulted in historical neglect of the basic importance of floral scent to pollinator attraction and avoidance of natural enemies.
The primary focus of this project is to support the existing and expanding grape and wine industries in New York and other states east of the Rocky Mountains by increasing the abilities of grape producers and their advisers to manage infectious diseases that limit profitability and preclude sustainable production if not addressed adequately. Additionally, the project has several components that are applicable to the grape industry in the western U.S. and to those in overseas locations.
The goal of the project is to build capacity in small- to medium-size firms in rural markets. Through applied research and capacity-building workshops, small agribusiness companies are targeted. Each component of the outreach and research program was evaluated. Workshops were consistently rated as highly effective, and the impacts of the program were measured by expanded sales and adoption of new technologies. Since the program begin in 2003, sales have steadily increased for the companies in the program/workshops. The outcomes of the programs have indicated the workshops are effective.
Over a billion people in the world live on under a $1 a day. They suffer from under nutrition, hunger, illness, and lack of education. What policies, macroeconomic and microeconomic, can best uplift their level of wellbeing? The answer to this question is profound, and extremely difficult. It is a lifetime`s work.
Sirex woodwasp, an aggressive species with wood boring larvae, is known to kill pines in the southern hemisphere where this European woodwasp and pines have both been introduced. It has been introduced to North America and was first collected in 2004 in New York state. We are investigating the potential use of a biological control agent, a sterilizing parasitic nematode, that has proven very effective in the southern hemisphere, with particular emphasis on investigating the potential for non-target effects.
eClips is a digital database of 10,000 clips and more than 40 podcasts, focused on entrepreneurship, business, and leadership. The material is based on hundreds of in-depth interviews as well as business presentations. eClips makes it possible for business people (including small business owners and entrepreneurs), educators, and students to find targeted and focused information, because it is organized by entrepreneur, company, demographics, topics, and keywords.
Quality wine production depends on maintaining proper microbiological control during the transformation of grape juice into wine and its conservation. Our research provides microbiological techniques that allow winemakers to reduce microbial products, which can cause negative effects—such as headaches—to wine consumers, thus increasing the percentage of consumers able to take advantage of the health benefits related to moderate wine consumption.