This project is being developed to bring newly developed methods of garden archaeology to a site excavated at Pompeii in the early 19th century before modern recording methods were developed.
This study developed a simple and effective method for using BMSB monitoring tools as a trigger to initiate pest management. Management strategies to determine the most effective and least labor-intensive method for employing pest monitoring and management were recommended and tested in the field. Trapping assessments of populations employed multiple lure formulations in boarder traps, attract and kill strategies and passive trapping to determine presence and density.
The sensory representation of the external chemical world in the brain is a translation of chemical features into patterns of brain activity. It is the nature these patterns—how that are established by stimulant patterns, how they vary in a population, and ultimately how they interact with other brain functions, e.g. emotions (joy) or behavior (buying wine)—that is the object of our research. We study aroma perception in order to provide information about food composition to producers that will allow them to produce likable, healthy and more profitable products.
Powdery mildew is one of the world's most destructive diseases of grapevines. We know that infection of grapevines occurs as soon as they begin to grow in spring, but epidemics seem to stall for about six weeks and go nowhere fast. We've found that it's our cold nights that are suppressing the disease. Two modes of action are suggested. First, cold nights stimulate a temporary defense response in the youngest, and ordinarily most-susceptible, leaves. Second, cold causes direct damage to the mildew colonies.
Through further development of the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein System (CNCPS), my research group has developed both research and field application diets for high-producing, lactating cattle that are approximately 20 percent lower in protein than those currently used in the dairy industry. The result is a significant reduction of feed protein intake, reducing the cost of production, while also reducing the environmental impact of dairy cattle through reduced nitrogen excretion in manure.
The Horti Stabiani Project, formerly the Villa Arianna Great Peristyle Project is an effort of the Restoring Ancient Stabiae Foundation and the Soprintendenza di Pompeii to document, study and develop the landscapes of this ancient town as part of a master plan for economic development of Castellammare di Stabia, an economically struggling city in the Bay of Naples.
Grape fruits are being analyzed to better understand disease resistance.
The Apple Physiology and Culture program at Cornell has developed over the past 20 years an integrated crop physiology approach with field experimentation and dynamic crop modeling that has substantially improved the understanding of the complex behavior of apple orchards in the variable environment. Outputs from the model are providing critical real-time quantitative information helping growers optimize their orchard management, especially control of the yield, for better profitability.
The primary focus of this project is to support the existing and expanding grape and wine industries in New York and other states east of the Rocky Mountains by increasing the abilities of grape producers and their advisers to manage infectious diseases that limit profitability and preclude sustainable production if not addressed adequately. Additionally, the project has several components that are applicable to the grape industry in the western U.S. and to those in overseas locations.
This program delivers new knowledge to help dairy farmers and dairy food manufacturers improve the production and processing of dairy food and enhance their consumption. It also will enhance the general health and well-being of consumers.