President Obama ordered the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to elevate efforts to dramatically improve Chesapeake Bay water quality by 2025 through the implementation and enforcement of a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) program. The watershed states were asked to develop a Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP) and give target load reductions.
The Cornell Dairy Fellows Program is designed for students who are interested in careers related to the dairy industry. Approximately 140 students participate in the Fellows Program each year. The program integrates a set of courses addressing the disciplines in the industry, industry and farm visits, in-depth farm analysis, seminars with industry leaders, industry conferences, exchange programs, international trips, and summer internships in dairy-related careers. These experiences allow students to apply their knowledge, skills, and mind-set in multiple real-life situations.
Due to today’s relatively favorable commodity prices, farmers are trying to increase yields by installing pattern drainage systems, which have been proven to be a long term investment to improve soil conditions and increase yields. The North West New York Dairy, Livestock, and Field Crops Team organized trials with tractor pulled tile plows and GPS control systems to evaluate their performance under WNY conditions.
We have modified a bacterial isolate to make it able to inhibit the development of crown gall disease on grape without inflicting any harmful effects to the grapevine.
Invasive species can have a major impact on the ability to export agricultural goods in our global economy. Monitoring for invasive species yet to be found in New York state is a major component of the Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey, a cooperative project between the state Department of Agriculture and Markets, the state Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program, and Cornell Cooperative Extension grape programs.
Soybean acreage has increased from 140,000 to 310,000 acres in New York over the last 10 years. More importantly, NY soybeans were valued at ~$200M in 2012 compared to ~$40M as recently as 2005. This ever-expanding crop is providing additional economic vitality to rural communities in upstate NY. Unfortunately, soybean has been considered a minor crop so very limited research had been conducted on soybean at Cornell until recently.
The goal of this project is to validate the use of a temperature-driven phenology model to time applications of insecticides to manage grape berry moths (GBM), the key insect pest of grapes in the eastern United States. Also, the model will help us to inform the New York grape industry of the insect's existence. This multi-state project uses replicated plots in vineyards in the Finger Lakes and Lake Erie regions of New York, the Lake Erie region of Pennsylvania, and the southwestern region of Michigan.
Dairy Skills Training delivers information and hands-on training and experience to dairy farm workers in a variety of management areas in Western New York.
New York state needs jobs and economic activity, growers need outlets for waste products such as manures, and the entire world needs technologies that enhance food security and reduce pollution. For many years, we have been developing technologies that do these things. (See, for example, my other impact statements.)
In addition, Cornell University has recently created the Cornell Agriculture and Food Technology Park (AgTech Park), including a 1,500-square-foot laboratory that has been unoccupied until now.