New York State Dairy Herd Improvement Association statistics clearly indicate that substantial profit potential from the replacement heifer enterprise is being left on the table by dairy producers. The road map to capture that potential is well researched and documented. This workshop series takes this action-ready information out to dairy neighborhoods across New York. Participating farms cited changes they will make to improve their heifer enterprise.
The primary objective of this program is to help farm managers improve the financial management of their businesses through the appropriate use of historical farm data and the application of modern farm business analysis techniques. The project identifies the business and financial information that fruit farmers need and provides a framework for use in identifying and evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of the farm business. In some instances, we provide cost and investment analysis estimates to help growers who are contemplating new enterprises (e.g., growing vinifera grapes).
Bacteria that cause vascular diseases in plants, including grapes, were discovered to migrate against the transpiration-induced flow of xylem sap using pilus-mediated twitching movements. Colonization of the vascular system by these bacteria was examined in vitro using nanofabricated microfluidic chambers in which the bacteria were discovered to auto-aggregate into cell masses that plugged the channels.
An extension education model program was designed for a farm owner. The design was developed to serve the public in the following ways: Creating awareness about agriculture in a small farm setting; develop an awareness among farmers about potential alternatives in practice; and to demonstrate practices that have potential for starting small-scale farm operations. The program is designed to serve the public in educating about agriculture in a small farm setting including potential alternatives in practice, small-scale practices, and start up options.
A series of meetings held at 17 sites around New York taught dairy producers and their advisers how to apply new mastitis prevention monitoring technologies.
The purpose for this project is to develop a set of indicators that people in counties or similar localities can use to discern the status of agriculture in the environs. Such indicators need to be relevant to the goals of local people and simple enough to collect the needed information and compute that people will be motivated to actually use the indicators.
Fungicide and antibiotic resistance in populations of apple can result in considerable production losses in the temperate production regions of New York and New England. This project endeavors to understand the prevalence and mechanisms of fungicide and antibiotic resistance in pathogens of apple at both the field level and the individual or molecular level.
The impact of this project is two fold. The first is the addressing of the educational needs of bulk grape (juice and wine) growers of New York and Pennsylvania in maximizing profitability through production efficiency and/or diversification into wine grapes for the small winery market. The second impact is to produce educational materials for individuals looking into becoming wine grape growers.
Ontario County Farm Bureau runs a biannual program where the general public is invited to visit a local dairy farm to learn about agriculture. In October of 2008, this event attracted over 3,000 visitors to the Minns Family Dairy Farm. Karl Czymmek was invited to set up a station to provide manure nutrient management education to attendees.
Documenting immigrant Latino families' diverse cultural practices, values and beliefs as strengths and resources rather than as barriers to education is critical for creating educational settings which foster success rather than failure. Research in Pennsylvania and rural New York documents how Latino immigrant families in recent areas of migration and settlement make sense of what it means to raise children in a new environment.