Extreme winter low temperatures in January and February 2014 caused winter injury to grapevine buds. In response, regional grape extension programs (Lake Erie, Finger Lakes, Hudson Valley, Northern NY) examined buds from over 200 vineyard blocks to characterize the extent of the injury. NYS Dept. of Ag and Markets asked us to assess the resulting crop reduction, to provide backup for a waiver to allow farm winery licencees to purchase fruit out of state.
Late blight is a serious plant disease that affects both gardeners and farmers. Because infected plants produce huge quantities of spores that spread the disease, accurate disease identification and appropriate response are important for everyone in the community growing tomatoes or potatoes. We engaged Cornell Cooperative Extension Master Gardener Volunteer program coordinators to plan and present a series of five workshops for Master Gardener Volunteers across the state.
A series of on-farm summer field meetings were held for dairy and beef producers to increase awareness of issues and IPM approaches to manage nuisance and biting flies on dairy cattle in and around confinement areas and for animals on pasture.
Ecological change in large lakes affects the livelihoods of a large number of people. Food web dynamics is at the heart of these changes, as they affect fish and fisheries. We have developed methods to assess the lower trophic levels on which fish depend and are analyzing the effects of ecological change on the whole food web. We are since 2012 the main EPA grantee for monitoring the lower trophic levels of all five Great Lakes, from Superior to Ontario and share this information with managers in the US and Canada
Group housing of calves with its attendant use of waste milk in a safe manner offers economical and biological advantages to producers. Previously held beliefs regarding disease risk have been changed with a new definition of proper ventilation and the advantages of more natural feeding methods and social interaction amongst baby calves.
In 2011, 18 participants, representing 8,959 cows, participated in the program, with 15 of them completing the program. A new discussion group was formed for the participants of the program to continue to meet and discuss management education.
The Cornell Dairy Fellows Program is designed for students who are interested in careers related to the dairy industry. Approximately 140 students participate in the Fellows Program each year. The program integrates a set of courses addressing the disciplines in the industry, industry and farm visits, in-depth farm analysis, seminars with industry leaders, industry conferences, exchange programs, international trips, and summer internships in dairy-related careers. These experiences allow students to apply their knowledge, skills, and mind-set in multiple real-life situations.
The PRO-DAIRY mission is to increase the profitability and competitiveness of New York's dairy businesses through industry-applied research and educational programs that enhance farm profitability while advancing dairy professionals' knowledge, skills, and enthusiasm for dairying.
Soybean acreage has increased from 140,000 to 310,000 acres in New York over the last 10 years. More importantly, NY soybeans were valued at ~$200M in 2012 compared to ~$40M as recently as 2005. This ever-expanding crop is providing additional economic vitality to rural communities in upstate NY. Unfortunately, soybean has been considered a minor crop so very limited research had been conducted on soybean at Cornell until recently.
New York has great potential to expand the cultivation of sustainable, perennial crops for the production of woody biomass—for heat and bioenergy and as a feedstock for biofuels—on under-used agricultural land.