Hands-on IPM workshops for Christmas tree growers were held around the state in 2016. Some were held on farm, one at a nursery and one at a CCE office. There were approximately 80 participants.
In the aftermath of Superstorm Sandy NY Sea Grant worked with State officials and marina industry representatives to help business get the resources they needed to begin to recover from this disaster. NYSG documented storm related losses and assisted industry leaders and state officials in identifying, implementing and increasing awareness of grant programs to facilitate recovery efforts. These efforts helped marinas receive over $10 million in storm recovery grants representing the largest percentage of money awarded for any small business sector in the state.
Extreme winter low temperatures in January and February 2014 caused winter injury to grapevine buds. In response, regional grape extension programs (Lake Erie, Finger Lakes, Hudson Valley, Northern NY) examined buds from over 200 vineyard blocks to characterize the extent of the injury. NYS Dept. of Ag and Markets asked us to assess the resulting crop reduction, to provide backup for a waiver to allow farm winery licencees to purchase fruit out of state.
When superstorm Sandy opened a breach through Fire Barrier Island both development and natural resources were affected. NY Sea Grant assisted local managers in better understanding the potential impacts of the breach by funding research and disseminating the information through workshops and meetings. Managers are using this information to develop scientifically sound responses for managing this feature
Eutrophication associated with excess nutrient pollution in shallow marine ecosystems is poorly understood relative to deeper systems. This project investigates various feedbacks that may occur during eutrophication that either aggravate or partially mitigate the effects of nutrient pollution in a shallow estuary. A large reduction in nitrogen loading from the watershed allows a unique opportunity to also study the start of ecosystem recovery.
The goal of this project is to understand the life history and evolutionary genomics of recenlty discovered mycoplasma-related endobacteria (MRE) of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF, subphylum Glomeromycotina). To this end, we sequenced, assembled, annotated, and analyzed MRE metagenomes associated with three AMF species. This work revealed that MRE gene content is highly reduced, suggesting metabolic dependence on the AMF hosts. Remarkably, the MRE genomes harbor multiple genes horizontally acquired from AMF.
This project has sought to elucidate the life cycles of two rust diseases that are relatively new to New York, pear trellis rust and Japanese apple rust. Finding the rest of the life cycle (as it is being carried out in New York) has required the use of molecular techniques to identify the rust on its juniper hosts. Recently surveys were successful in identifying a host for the pear trellis rust, and two hosts for the Japanese apple rust, providing the green industry with information needed to make good choices for what ornamentals should not be paired together in the landscape.
Pests are defined as organisms that reduce the availability, quality or value of a resource or human health. Whether at work, home, school or play, we may be challenged by pests that sting, bite, cause allergens, contaminate food, or transmit disease. To help New Yorkers manage pests in ways that minimize environmental, health and economic risks, presentations are offered to organizations, companies and communities.
While New York state is urging coastal property owners and managers to use living shorelines as the preferred method for erosion control for environmental reasons, these audiences didn't have the information they needed to make intelligent choices regarding the suitability of this approach for their particular sites. New York Sea Grant organized a workshop that brought together top experts in this field to share their expertise with New York audiences.
When "super storm" Sandy opened a new inlet on the south shore of Long Island, threatening developed areas, the National Park Service requested New York Sea Grant's coastal processes specialist to assist their inter-agency Breach Assessment Team, composed of 35 federal, state and local officials, in evaluating the situation and managing the feature. The specialist provided the group with information on potential breach impacts and worked with university researchers to develop a monitoring program that would provide information needed to properly manage the breach.