Global food security and the demand for high-yield grain crops with high nutritional value are the most urgent drivers of modern plant sciences due to the current trend of population growth, global climate change, and decreasing arable land resources. In this regard, micronutrients iron, copper and zinc are required for crop growth, fertility and grain yield. These micronutrients are also essential components of the human diet. The bread wheat is a globally important crop and is a major source of calories and revenue in Ukraine.
This project uses interdisciplinary approaches to provide the fundamental insights on the role of a micronutrient copper in pollen development and fertility in a model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. This project will also help to explain how a newly discovered protein CIT1 and another protein SPL7 coordinate copper uptake and delivery to the reproductive organs of Arabidopsis thaliana to orchestrate pollen development and fertility.
The garlic industry in New York has gone through rapid growth in recent years and has an estimated value of $25M at the farm gate. White rot disease, caused by the fungus Sclerotium cepivorum is a destructive disease of Allium spp. It causes major losses to onion and garlic worldwide and occurs in many parts of USA, but is of restricted distribution. The disease has not been reported in NY for many years. However in 2016, samples of garlic from several farms in NY were received from CCE agents and were diagnosed as S. cepivorum.
In recent years there have been several stories in the popular media about individuals finding “ticks” in their Christmas trees. While this finding is not consistent with tick biology, members of the NYS IPM Program decided that the question of whether ticks can be found on Christmas trees should be scientifically evaluated. A total of nine Christmas tree farms in New York State were evaluated for the presence of ticks, including three in each of the following areas: Hudson Valley, Capital District, and Ithaca.
Carpenter bees are wood-destroying insects that are capable of drilling through wood to create nests. Because these insects are viewed as pests, they are often controlled by pest professionals with insecticide dusts. The goal of this project was to evaluate the use of homemade carpenter bee traps to reduce the population of female carpenter bees, which are responsible for causing the damage to wood. Twelve traps were set out at six sites with current carpenter be damage, and collected 54 carpenter bees: 21 males and 33 females.
As a cell biologist and biochemist, Dr. Emr’s research has focused on uncovering the molecular mechanisms responsible for the biogenesis of specialized compartments, called organelles, which are present inside all cells. These organelles perform key biochemical functions that keep cells alive.
The objective of this project was to develop a modular workshop-style program for teaching turf managers how to diagnose insect pest problems. Participants work with pin, point, and gel-mounted insect specimens and keys (non-taxonomic, included at end of statement) to learn basic identification of adult and immature stages of common turf pests. Participants also learn field diagnosis of common damage symptoms along with treatment thresholds and other decision making criteria.
We are carrying out a two-year field study to assess the ability to use biocontrol nematodes for managing soil-dwelling white grub on school sports fields. We are working on two separate sports fields in Geneva NY that are managed differently and occur on different soil types.
Onions are an important crop in New York, accounting for 97% of the onion production in the northeastern United States and ranked 6th for onion production across the country with an annual area of over 10,000 acres and sales of approximately $52 million. Stemphylium leaf blight has emerged as a major disease of onion in NY and Canada in recent years.
Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs (BMSB) are invasive insects that damage plants outdoors and overwinter inside structures. Pest management professionals receive calls about this and other overwintering pests in the spring and fall, when pests attempt to exit and enter structures, respectively. The goal of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of physical exclusion in preventing brown marmorated stink bugs from entering buildings.