Pathogenic organisms such as Escherichia coli and Cryptosporidium parvum continue to cause a threat to our food and water safety. Similarly, organisms such as Dengue virus and rotavirus are important clinical analytes related to human health, especially in the countries of the developing world. Organisms such as Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis are serious threat agents for our safety and security, since they can be used as bioweapon material.
We are designing, synthesizing, and applying new materials and properties for nanotechnological, biological, and biomedical applications. Our research has resulted in numerous peer-reviewed papers in high-impact journals such as Nature biotechnology, Nature Materials, Nature Nanotechnology, etc. More than a dozen patents have also been granted or filed. Some of these patents have been licensed to a local start-up company.
My efforts with the New York State Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program address the management and reduction of environmental, health, and economic risks from pests and pest management techniques, including pesticides. My work encompasses pests of communities, schools, homes, municipal facilities, hospitals, parks, and all non-agricultural settings.
The mission of the Sun Grant Initiative is to: 1) enhance national energy security through development, distribution, and implementation of biobased energy technologies; 2) promote biobased diversification and environmental sustainability of America's agriculture; and 3) promote opportunities for biobased economic diversification in rural communities.
My research develops and tests evolutionary theories of cooperation and conflict, including game theory models of plant competition, which are being tested on soybeans and other crop plants. The theory has implications for optimal agricultural practices such as increasing crop yields.
Eggs contain approximately 200 mg of cholesterol. This project will determine how much of this cholesterol is needed for chick embryo development and will determine the consequences of cholesterol deficiency for the developing embryo.
The horse, like other domesticated species, has been molded by selection into a variety of forms. While the horse is not a common source of food in the United States, the horse industry has a significant economic impact, estimated at $39 billion dollars annually (American Horse Council, 2005). This impact translates into a $102 billion dollar annual contribution to the U.S. Gross Domestic Product. The horse also represents a relatively new frontier in genetic research.
Our research uses comparisons of genomic variability within and between species of insects, mammals, and plants to provide novel insights into biological function and mechanisms of genetic change.
Biota of economic importance are moving long distances in the lower atmosphere. These biota include weed seeds, fungal spores, pollens, and migrating insects. Several research projects have been conducted that focus on the movement of various important biota over the past several years. The increased knowledge about each of the systems studied has had a beneficial impact on management.
Grape fruits are being analyzed to better understand disease resistance.