We are developing algal bioenergy as both an alternative to fossil fuels and a source of energy for powering systems that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thus reducing the concentrations of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere and decreasing ocean acidification. We are also investigating protein by-products as potential nutritional supplement in animal feeds.
This project investigates issues involving financial markets and investment decision making (both individual and corporate decision making). The project also focuses on the application of finance and financial markets to development economics.
We are learning the extent and severity of dairy food chain contamination with mycotoxins, toxins that come from fungi, that impact human health.
Labor-intensive agriculture is highly dependent upon the work performed by immigrants.
About half the world cooks on inefficient open flames. The stoves slow economic development, harm the environment, and worsen people's health. Our extensive multi-year study examines the factors that cause people to adopt modern, more efficient cookstoves and studies the actual use of those cookstoves once adopted.
Invasive species can have a major impact on the ability to export agricultural goods in our global economy. Monitoring for invasive species yet to be found in New York state is a major component of the Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey, a cooperative project between the state Department of Agriculture and Markets, the state Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program, and Cornell Cooperative Extension grape programs.
The overall goal of the research in my lab is to understand the basis of inheritance in plants by studying the mechanisms of meiosis, particularly pairing of homologous chromosomes and meiotic recombination. Both pairing and recombination are critical for correct segregation of chromosomes into gametes. We want to understand these processes at the molecular level. This basic research will provide a platform for investigations on how meiotic processes can be modified to improve plant breeding methods.
Tactical Ag (TAg) Teams have been an effective teaching model for bringing small groups of producers together in a hands-on approach by using their fields as outdoor classrooms. The principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and improved crop cultural practices have been the educational focus of the TAg program. In the past six seasons, 11 soybean TAg Teams encompassing 28,000 acres of soybeans, have been established in the Northwest New York (NWNY) region.
This 5-year project, part of an NIH-supported Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) application submitted by the University of Washington (UW) and Black Hills Center for American Indian Health (BHCAIH), includes two theoretically linked studies covering the lifespan of HPV prevention and screening. In partnership with the Hopi Tribe, the first study aims to increase HPV vaccination rates among girls aged 11-12 years. The second study examines the presence of high-risk HPV types and variants in American Indian women.