Three 3-year fellowships will help train plant breeders to use modern techniques to improve the abundance and safety of the U.S. food supply in a sustainable way.
Through our outreach efforts we have attempted to raise awareness among the general public and policy makers, such as the New York State Department of Health, about the issues and complexity of the West Nile virus (WNV) transmission cycle. Our research to date has provided new ideas and methods for prevention and control of these medically important mosquitoes. This information may contribute to public knowledge in New York state about how to avoid infection and reduce dangerous mosquito populations on private property.
Because recreational harvest of hard clams is so popular, and the economic impact of commercial hard clam harvest is primarily local, every Long Island resident is a stakeholder in the effort to revitalize the coastal bays and the hard clam populations. The proposed research will put a high-throughput molecular assay for measuring hard clam larval abundance into the hands of restoration managers and make adaptive restoration and fisheries management more effective. The most immediate impact of this project will be to reveal aspects of hard clam larval biology that have been opaque.
The Milk Quality Improvement Program (MQIP) utilizes a voluntary shelf life (VSL) program to analyze the sensory, chemical, and microbiological characteristics/profiles of dairy products manufactured in NYS. This program is designed to evaluate the overall quality and shelf life of grade A dairy products and to encourage and provide support to dairy plants to maintain and improve product quality. In addition, we use our molecular microbiology capabilities to better research dairy-related bacteriological issues and solve specific problems related to contamination issues.
Our research group has conceptualized, developed and patented a new, high-pressure extrusion process for generating expanded microcellular food matrices at low temperature and low shear. This has opened up possibilities for creating new generations of foods as well as nonfood materials. The technology also lends itself to continuous manufacturing of leavened dough without yeast fermentation and rice of improved nutritional quality. New developments in reactive supercritical fluid extrusion have produced new directions for research.
My program emphasizes research and extension on the biology and control of virus diseases of vegetable and fruit crops. A primary research goal is to understand how viruses cause diseases by studying the molecular and genetic basis of virus-host interaction and virus-vector relationship as well as genetic diversity of virus populations. Increasing our knowledge of the mechanisms of virus infection will facilitate the design of more effective and environmentally friendly control strategies.
The Naturalist Outreach Program sends Cornell undergraduates and graduate students to local classrooms and community groups to give free presentations about natural history, ecology and conservation. By presenting lively, STEM presentations, the program helps open the world of backyard biology to young people, enrich local second-grade to high-school science instruction, and simultaneously train Cornell students to communicate effectively about science.
My goal is to teach students the scientific method by hands-on experimentation. My objectives are to develop a new research-based laboratory course to give students the opportunity to experience how science is done through the practice of experimental inquiry. In my new lab course, students will be immersed in a dynamic project-based research environment by participating in experimental projects directly linked with ongoing faculty research covering a broad range of methodologies in molecular and cellular biology, bioinformatics and genomics.
More than half of the world's population depends on rice as their staple food, and the U.S. is the world's fourth largest exporter of this essential commodity. Rice production must increase dramatically and in a sustainable manner to meet the demands of the 21st century. Population pressure, natural resource limitations, changing climate and globalized markets all contribute to the rapidly evolving landscape of agriculture and underscore the importance of agricultural innovation. Advances in genomic science offer new opportunities to address many of the challenges for the future.
We are studying the patterns of attack by a community of insect herbivores on plants; the work involves field biology, chemical ecology, genetics, and entomology. Our basic research involves milkweed plants, nearly 120 species from North America (and 20 from South America), which grow in various habitats and are attacked by a specialized community of insects. Some of the work is evolutionary in terms of quantifying phylogenetic patterns associated with the evolution of specialization (in insects parasites) and other work is more ecological, based on community interactions.