All lateral organs in plant shoots are derived from shoot meristems, which are discrete populations of stems cells that are self-renewing and organogenic. Likewise, grain yield in maize is dependent upon the formation and maintenance of a variety of shoot meristem structures in the ear inflorescence. Genetic and genomic analyses of meristems will provide additional insight into the mechanisms of shoot meristem function in an important crop plant.
In 2007-2008, we continued delivery of a new model for teaching science communication and outreach skills to science graduate students. In addition to delivering the course at Cornell, we helped institutions both in the US and internationally in developing similar courses and workshops.
We are developing a method to convert lignocellulosic biomass (agricultural waste like wheat straw or corn stover) into butanol, a renewable fuel that can be used to power combustion engines.
This project seeks to identify genes associated with seed development, germination, vigor and dormancy.
My current projects include development of educational software for the teaching of mathematical modeling in animal behavior and acoustics and hearing. For mathematical modeling, I wrote software and lab exercises for testing in a large lecture course. Results of educational assessment show that this project met its learning goals, and I have now received a full-development grant from National Science Foundation. This project is ongoing.
We are developing a multi-pathogen detection system for the rapid identification of known and emerging pathogens of solanaceous crop plants (potato, tomato, pepper, and eggplant).
The Northeastern Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Center, jointly administered by Cornell University and The Pennsylvania State University, works with New York, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, West Virginia, the District of Columbia, and the New England states. We foster the development and adoption of integrated pest management, managing pests in ways that generate economic, environmental, and human health benefits.
Animals can modify their bodies and behavior in response to changes in the environment, including changes in the social environment. For example, animals can use one reproductive strategy when they are in relatively good condition (or high ranking), and another when they are in poor condition (or low ranking). This phenomenon raises a key question: What physiological mechanisms help an animal match its reproductive behavior to its environment? And how do they obtain and integrate information from the environment to do so?
I am developing a plan to balance undergraduate student population in biological engineering and environmental engineering majors for Fall 2010.
I am implementing a plan to raise overall quality of biological engineering majors, established in 2008.
To help educate New Yorkers and others about genetic engineering in plants, I have presented lectures, co-authored a discussion guide and served as a resource for discussion of this issue among farmers, consumers, policymakers and the public.