We examined using wheat as an example if public plant varieties were more disease resistant than private ones protected by intellectual property. We found the opposite to be true, countering some expressed concerns about intellectual proeprty rights systems. However the resisistanc ederives from public varieties, indicating the need to maintain investmnent in public breeding.
This grant supports analysis of long-term data sets on plant and animal phenology to identify effects from climate change.
This project investigates issues involving financial markets and investment decision making (both individual and corporate decision making). The project also focuses on the application of finance and financial markets to development economics.
Plant pathologists from all over the Northeast collaborated in monitoring the outbreak of potato and tomato late blight that was initiated in June 2009 and continued into the fall. The reports of late blight occurrence warned commercial growers, home owners, and organic growers that the disease was prevalent and that mitigation procedures should be initiated.
Late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans infects both tomato and potato crops worldwide, and is responsible for major losses in both crops. Never before has late blight been introduced into such a wide area of the Northeast because of massive distribution from big box sale of infected tomato transplants. The public needed to be informed on this event because it affected every individual growing these crops, either commercially or for home garden enjoyment.
The neural networks that organize the motor pattern for locomotion are located in the spinal cord. These networks normally receive descending inputs from the brain that activate them and direct them to modify their output for variable behavior. These inputs are lost after spinal cord injury (SCI). As a consequence, the neurons begin to change their properties, in ways that might be deleterious to eventual recovery from SCI.
We are developing improved analysis and characterization of steroids in human urine for anti-doping applications due to the well-known steroid use problem in sports. Our approach includes development of better separations of steroids in the complex mixture of urine compounds for measuring the quantity of steroids and if some steroids indicate use of testosterone or other illicit steroids. The techniques will be used to characterize urine from healthy, unhealthy, and doped individuals.
The Polson Institute for Global Development is an endowed program based in the Department of Development Sociology. The Institute facilitates collaborative research by funding Research Working Groups and research seed grants. It also assists graduate student dissertation research, sponsors seminars, and outreach programs, including documentaries and the Rural New York Initiative, and hosts visiting scholars from throughout the world.
Alfalfa is a major economic crop in New York. It is often grown in rotation with corn where, on dairies, manure is applied to corn fields to meet nitrogen needs and build potassium, phosphorus, and sulfur levels. Questions arise related to the potassium and sulfur needs of alfalfa, given high fertilizer prices and reduced sulfur deposition.
A web-based, apple Integrated Pest Management (IPM) decision support system was developed to facilitate pest management decisions. The system tracks seasonal development of insect pests using degree day (DD) developmental models. DD models and historical records are used to calculate tree phenological stage, pest stage, status and management advice. When a spray is recommended, a pesticide filter helps identify appropriate materials according to efficacy and type of management program. Predictions can be refined and adjusted by user-entered information obtained through field monitoring.