Development of the Marcellus Shale has created many opportunities for researchers to examine the social, economic and environmental impacts of large-scale natural gas development for the Mid-Atlantic region and beyond.
This 5-year project, part of an NIH-supported Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD) application submitted by the University of Washington (UW) and Black Hills Center for American Indian Health (BHCAIH), includes two theoretically linked studies covering the lifespan of HPV prevention and screening. In partnership with the Hopi Tribe, the first study aims to increase HPV vaccination rates among girls aged 11-12 years. The second study examines the presence of high-risk HPV types and variants in American Indian women.
In response to the myriad challenges and changes facing Upstate NY, CaRDI organized a State of Upstate NY conference held June 2011. In terms of effort, it was a continuation of the 2005 Rural Vision Project.
The Network for Environment & Weather Applications (NEWA), a network of electronic weather stations collecting data on farms, partners with the Northeast Regional Climate Center (NRCC) for data acquisition, quality control, weather information delivery, and pest forecast model programming.
Invasive species can have a major impact on the ability to export agricultural goods in our global economy. Monitoring for invasive species yet to be found in New York state is a major component of the Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey, a cooperative project between the state Department of Agriculture and Markets, the state Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program, and Cornell Cooperative Extension grape programs.
Powdery mildews are a remarkably diverse group of fungi that attack many important crops. Their ability to produce vast numbers of infectious spores is the driving force of the disease. In a series of experiments, we identified key wavebands of light that shut down spore production. In effect, we have taken an environmental cue that the fungus uses in spore production and turned it against itself.
Labor-intensive agriculture is highly dependent upon the work performed by immigrants.
We are developing algal bioenergy as both an alternative to fossil fuels and a source of energy for powering systems that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thus reducing the concentrations of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere and decreasing ocean acidification. We are also investigating protein by-products as potential nutritional supplement in animal feeds.
The overall goal of the research in my lab is to understand the basis of inheritance in plants by studying the mechanisms of meiosis, particularly pairing of homologous chromosomes and meiotic recombination. Both pairing and recombination are critical for correct segregation of chromosomes into gametes. We want to understand these processes at the molecular level. This basic research will provide a platform for investigations on how meiotic processes can be modified to improve plant breeding methods.
Our research uses the soil worm C. elegans as a model to study genes that affect aging. Many genes that affect aging in C. elegans also work in humans. Our research will have impact on human aging and age-related diseases, such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and neurodegeneration.