Grower adoption of Cornell research-based recommendations including narrow plant spacing and alternative mulches dramatically reduce losses from bacterial bulb decay and increase profitability, thus sustaining the small-scale onion industry.
In this study, we attempt to identify the functions of compounds secreted by herbivorous insects that interact with plants. Herbivore-derived elicitors are specific compounds found in the foregut or saliva of plant-eating insects that trigger specific plant responses, such as increasing plant resistance to herbivory or otherwise changing the interaction of the plant with the insect community.
DairyFAST is a collaborative effort between the Cornell ProDairy program and the New York Farm Viability Institute.
Agriservice professionals play a key role in disseminating information to dairy producers. As farmers implement management practices and appropriate technology, they turn to agriservice professionals for information and advice. The DairyFAST program provides a cohesive professional development program for agriservice professionals to enable them to have a positive impact on their farm clientele.
Climate change and habitat loss are two of the most pressing environmental concerns of the 21st century, and there is a growing scientific consensus that they exert influences on bird populations at multiple scales, from local changes in population persistence to range-wide shifts in species distributions. Citizen Science data allow us to document exactly how species respond to these environmental changes throughout multiple regions and for many years.
Effective waste management can turn unwanted waste products into resources and reduce disposal costs. Waste management is part of every industry, but a waste product produced by one business can be a resource to another. Residuals from animal, food and yard waste, as well as industrial and household waste, have the potential to be valuable in agriculture and horticulture production as erosion control and nutrient and carbon sources, and in energy production and other industrial processes.
This project focuses on how female insects assess the quality of potential mates and how they communicate their preference to suitors. We are studying the acoustic courtship calling of katydids.
We are developing improved analysis and characterization of steroids in human urine for anti-doping applications due to the well-known steroid use problem in sports. Our approach includes development of better separations of steroids in the complex mixture of urine compounds for measuring the quantity of steroids and if some steroids indicate use of testosterone or other illicit steroids. The techniques will be used to characterize urine from healthy, unhealthy, and doped individuals.
We are developing a multi-pathogen detection system for the rapid identification of known and emerging pathogens of solanaceous crop plants (potato, tomato, pepper and eggplant).
We are designing, synthesizing, and applying new materials and properties for nanotechnological, biological, and biomedical applications. Our research has resulted in numerous peer-reviewed papers in high-impact journals such as Nature biotechnology, Nature Materials, Nature Nanotechnology, etc. More than a dozen patents have also been granted or filed. Some of these patents have been licensed to a local start-up company.
My efforts with the New York State Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program address the management and reduction of environmental, health, and economic risks from pests and pest management techniques, including pesticides. My work encompasses pests of communities, schools, homes, municipal facilities, hospitals, parks, and all non-agricultural settings.