A major infestation of arborvitae leafminer was diagnosed after examination of severe and debilitating defoliation in several stands totaling 50k cv. Nigra arborvitae trees. Pest sampling and monitoring protocols were developed based on live trapping and degree-day accumulations and were used to time several applications of contact and systemic insecticides. The infestation was halted resulting in a wholesale saving of $35/tree or $1.75 million for the grower.
Impact Summary: The Northeastern IPM Center, jointly administered by Cornell University and The Pennsylvania State University, works with New York, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, West Virginia, the District of Columbia, and the New England states. We foster the development and adoption of integrated pest management, managing pests in ways that generate economic, environmental, and human health benefits. We work in partnership with stakeholders from agricultural, urban, and rural settings to identify and address regional priorities for research, education, and outreach.
Grower adoption of Cornell research-based recommendations including narrow plant spacing and alternative mulches dramatically reduce losses from bacterial bulb decay and increase profitability, thus sustaining the small-scale onion industry.
In this study, we attempt to identify the functions of compounds secreted by herbivorous insects that interact with plants. Herbivore-derived elicitors are specific compounds found in the foregut or saliva of plant-eating insects that trigger specific plant responses, such as increasing plant resistance to herbivory or otherwise changing the interaction of the plant with the insect community.
DairyFAST is a collaborative effort between the Cornell ProDairy program and the New York Farm Viability Institute.
Agriservice professionals play a key role in disseminating information to dairy producers. As farmers implement management practices and appropriate technology, they turn to agriservice professionals for information and advice. The DairyFAST program provides a cohesive professional development program for agriservice professionals to enable them to have a positive impact on their farm clientele.
Climate change and habitat loss are two of the most pressing environmental concerns of the 21st century, and there is a growing scientific consensus that they exert influences on bird populations at multiple scales, from local changes in population persistence to range-wide shifts in species distributions. Citizen Science data allow us to document exactly how species respond to these environmental changes throughout multiple regions and for many years.
Effective waste management can turn unwanted waste products into resources and reduce disposal costs. Waste management is part of every industry, but a waste product produced by one business can be a resource to another. Residuals from animal, food and yard waste, as well as industrial and household waste, have the potential to be valuable in agriculture and horticulture production as erosion control and nutrient and carbon sources, and in energy production and other industrial processes.
This project focuses on how female insects assess the quality of potential mates and how they communicate their preference to suitors. We are studying the acoustic courtship calling of katydids.
Animals can modify their bodies and behavior in response to changes in the environment, including changes in the social environment. For example, animals can use one reproductive strategy when they are in relatively good condition (or high ranking), and another when they are in poor condition (or low ranking). This phenomenon raises a key question: What physiological mechanisms help an animal match its reproductive behavior to its environment? And how do they obtain and integrate information from the environment to do so?
I am developing a plan to balance undergraduate student population in biological engineering and environmental engineering majors for Fall 2010.
I am implementing a plan to raise overall quality of biological engineering majors, established in 2008.