We are developing algal bioenergy as both an alternative to fossil fuels and a source of energy for powering systems that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thus reducing the concentrations of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere and decreasing ocean acidification. We are also investigating protein by-products as potential nutritional supplement in animal feeds.
Invasive species can have a major impact on the ability to export agricultural goods in our global economy. Monitoring for invasive species yet to be found in New York state is a major component of the Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey, a cooperative project between the state Department of Agriculture and Markets, the state Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program, and Cornell Cooperative Extension grape programs.
The viticulture and enology steering committee created a quarterly electronic newsletter, Appellation Cornell, to provide in-depth research articles written for laypersons, as well as faculty profiles, student profiles, industry profiles, and brief articles to highlight research, extension, and teaching activities of Cornell's Viticulture and Enology Program to a national and international audience. In its first year, readership comprised 1000 to 1500 online subscribers in 45 states, three Canadian provinces, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. Fifty articles were published in 2010.
The Produce Safety Alliance (PSA) seeks to provide fundamental, science-based, on-farm food safety knowledge to fresh fruit and vegetable farmers, packers and regulatory personnel while addressing future produce safety regulations resulting from the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). The PSA was formed in 2010 through a cooperative agreement between Cornell University, the United States Department of Agriculture, and the Food and Drug Administration.
We are learning the extent and severity of dairy food chain contamination with mycotoxins, toxins that come from fungi, that impact human health.
The National Plant Diagnostic Network Regional Center is prepared to receive suspect select agent, high consequence, and regulatory plant pathogens for rapid evaluation and testing.
About half the world cooks on inefficient open flames. The stoves slow economic development, harm the environment, and worsen people's health. Our extensive multi-year study examines the factors that cause people to adopt modern, more efficient cookstoves and studies the actual use of those cookstoves once adopted.
Water use reporting legislation was revised and signed into law in August 2011. Dairy producers needed information about the requirements, an explanation of the DEC reporting form, as well as a tool for estimating water use.
Plant pathologists from all over the Northeast collaborated in monitoring the outbreak of potato and tomato late blight that was initiated in June 2009 and continued into the fall. The reports of late blight occurrence warned commercial growers, home owners, and organic growers that the disease was prevalent and that mitigation procedures should be initiated.
A conceptual framework was developed to describe how capacity supply is influenced by programs that allow customers to express their demand for reliability. The framework demonstrated that if the demand for reliability is not inelastic, at least some consumers would elect a level that is lower or higher than the universally imposed standard at prevailing supply costs. The efficiency of electricity markets can then be improved by implementing measures that reveal those preferences.