Effective waste management can turn unwanted waste products into resources and reduce disposal costs. Waste management is part of every industry, but a waste product produced by one business can be a resource to another. Residuals from animal, food and yard waste, as well as industrial and household waste, have the potential to be valuable in agriculture and horticulture production as erosion control and nutrient and carbon sources, and in energy production and other industrial processes.
This project focuses on how female insects assess the quality of potential mates and how they communicate their preference to suitors. We are studying the acoustic courtship calling of katydids.
We are developing improved analysis and characterization of steroids in human urine for anti-doping applications due to the well-known steroid use problem in sports. Our approach includes development of better separations of steroids in the complex mixture of urine compounds for measuring the quantity of steroids and if some steroids indicate use of testosterone or other illicit steroids. The techniques will be used to characterize urine from healthy, unhealthy, and doped individuals.
We are developing a multi-pathogen detection system for the rapid identification of known and emerging pathogens of solanaceous crop plants (potato, tomato, pepper and eggplant).
New York state needs jobs and economic activity, growers need outlets for waste products such as manures, and the entire world needs technologies that enhance food security and reduce pollution. For many years, we have been developing technologies that do these things. (See, for example, my other impact statements.)
In addition, Cornell University has recently created the Cornell Agriculture and Food Technology Park (AgTech Park), including a 1,500-square-foot laboratory that has been unoccupied until now.
A web-based, apple integrated pest management (IPM) decision support system was developed to facilitate pest management decisions. The system tracks seasonal development of insect pests using degree day (DD) developmental models. DD models and historical records are used to calculate tree phenological stage, pest stage, status and management advice. When a spray is recommended, a pesticide filter helps identify appropriate materials according to efficacy and type of management program. Predictions can be refined and adjusted by user-entered information obtained through field monitoring.
We currently have NSF funding from the Informal Science Education Program to support development of a new project, The YardMap Network, for which we are creating simple, visual mapping tools to gather data on habitat and sustainable practices in backyards, parks, and public spaces.
Pathogenic organisms such as Escherichia coli and Cryptosporidium parvum continue to cause a threat to our food and water safety. Similarly, organisms such as Dengue virus and rotavirus are important clinical analytes related to human health, especially in the countries of the developing world. Organisms such as Bacillus anthracis and Yersinia pestis are serious threat agents for our safety and security, since they can be used as bioweapon material.
A web-based, apple Integrated Pest Management (IPM) decision support system was developed to facilitate pest management decisions. The system tracks seasonal development of insect pests using degree day (DD) developmental models. DD models and historical records are used to calculate tree phenological stage, pest stage, status and management advice. When a spray is recommended, a pesticide filter helps identify appropriate materials according to efficacy and type of management program. Predictions can be refined and adjusted by user-entered information obtained through field monitoring.
The neural networks that organize the motor pattern for locomotion are located in the spinal cord. These networks normally receive descending inputs from the brain that activate them and direct them to modify their output for variable behavior. These inputs are lost after spinal cord injury (SCI). As a consequence, the neurons begin to change their properties, in ways that might be deleterious to eventual recovery from SCI.