The Polson Institute for Global Development is an endowed program based in the Department of Development Sociology. The Institute facilitates collaborative research by funding Research Working Groups and research seed grants. It also assists graduate student dissertation research; sponsors seminars and outreach programs, including documentaries and the Rural New York Initiative; and hosts visiting scholars from throughout the world.
Recent Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have stated that “warming of the climate system is unequivocal” and have documented widespread evidence of global warming and other major climatic changes, as well as their impacts. These impacts in rural areas – on agriculture, farmers, rural households and rural communities – can be expected to be increasingly substantial. This project reports the results of research to identify and prioritize stakeholder-driven, locally relevant response options to climate change affecting agriculture in the Middle East.
Heat stress is a major inhibitor of production in livestock operations, causing severe economic loss. Environmental and management stressors erode efficiency and cost livestock production enterprises billions of dollars annually in lost potential profitability. For example, in the absence of heat abatement measures, total losses across all animal classes averaged $2.4 billion annually (St-Pierre et al., 2003). The objective of this study was to explore an alternative way to cool cows in times of heat stress.
Western bean cutworm (WBC) is an emerging pest in New York with the potential to cause substantial damage to corn and dry beans. This cutworm has historically been a pest in the high plains region of the western U.S. However, in the last decade, infestations have steadily been moving eastward and reached New York in 2009.
This project investigates issues involving financial markets and investment decision making (both individual and corporate decision making). The project also focuses on the application of finance and financial markets to development economics.
We study the evolution and function of mammalian and bacterial genomes using computers as our microscope.
New, cold-hardy wine grape varieties released by the University of Minnesota and private breeders have created a new industry in cold-climate areas where it was previously impossible to grow grapes because of winter low temperatures. New vineyards and wineries (300) are being started by new producers. Research is needed to maximize the benefit of these new varieties to produce products that consumers will like and convert these 'startup businesses' into 'sustainably profitable businesses,' supporting rural economic development in 12 Northeastern and Midwestern states.
This project strives to improve food availability, nutrition and health in eastern India and Africa while providing opportunities for diversification of income and consequent economic and social advancement of the rural poor and women in particular.
The project aims to strengthen both the agricultural education and extension systems in these institutions by addressing cross-cutting areas, including governance, gender and equity, innovative education programs, and modern information and communication technology.
A new ILR School-based Institute for Worker Rights and Collective Representation aims to bring together resident faculty with labor programs extension facullty to advance research, teaching and outreach in expanded collaborative efforts. This is an important, exciting new ILR initiative currently in the launching phase.
About half the world cooks on inefficient open flames. The stoves slow economic development, harm the environment, and worsen people's health. Our extensive multi-year study examines the factors that cause people to adopt modern, more efficient cookstoves and studies the actual use of those cookstoves once adopted.