Conversion of lands in the Northeast to perennial grass bioenergy crops is not merely a future possibility; it is already underway. These crops provide net energy returns that are greater than conventional row crops, as well as such ecosystem benefits as increased organic matter levels in soil, reduced erosion potential, and low fertilizer and pesticide requirements.
The Cornell Small Grains Breeding and Genetics Project has released a new soft white winter wheat variety called Medina with exceptionally high grain yield, grain quality and disease resistance. This variety is moderately resistant to fusarium head blight and is more sprout resistant than older varieties, thus increasing the efficiency of production for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits.
This work will provide solutions for minimizing microbial biofilm formation and pathogen contamination in food processing plants, thus reducing the incidence of food-borne illness.
The Northern Grapes Project aims at developing research-based viticulture, enology, and marketing recommendations for novel cold-climate wine grape cultivars that support a growing rural small-winery industry in the upper Midwest and New England.
The Polson Institute for Global Development is an endowed program based in the Department of Development Sociology. The Institute facilitates collaborative research by funding Research Working Groups and research seed grants. It also assists graduate student dissertation research; sponsors seminars and outreach programs, including documentaries and the Rural New York Initiative; and hosts visiting scholars from throughout the world.
Recent Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have stated that “warming of the climate system is unequivocal” and have documented widespread evidence of global warming and other major climatic changes, as well as their impacts. These impacts in rural areas – on agriculture, farmers, rural households and rural communities – can be expected to be increasingly substantial. This project reports the results of research to identify and prioritize stakeholder-driven, locally relevant response options to climate change affecting agriculture in the Middle East.
Heat stress is a major inhibitor of production in livestock operations, causing severe economic loss. Environmental and management stressors erode efficiency and cost livestock production enterprises billions of dollars annually in lost potential profitability. For example, in the absence of heat abatement measures, total losses across all animal classes averaged $2.4 billion annually (St-Pierre et al., 2003). The objective of this study was to explore an alternative way to cool cows in times of heat stress.
Western bean cutworm (WBC) is an emerging pest in New York with the potential to cause substantial damage to corn and dry beans. This cutworm has historically been a pest in the high plains region of the western U.S. However, in the last decade, infestations have steadily been moving eastward and reached New York in 2009.
A new ILR School-based Institute for Worker Rights and Collective Representation aims to bring together resident faculty with labor programs extension facullty to advance research, teaching and outreach in expanded collaborative efforts. This is an important, exciting new ILR initiative currently in the launching phase.
We are learning the extent and severity of dairy food chain contamination with mycotoxins, toxins that come from fungi, that impact human health.