President Barak Obama’s creation of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program provides a desperately needed opportunity to obtain employment authorization and protection against deportation for many people in our area. This effort centered on providing information to immigrant workers about DACA requirements and connecting them with high quality, free legal advice and representation offered through the Cornell DREAMer Pro Bono Project.
Fertilizers prices increase and availability to rural communities in developing countries is a challenge to increasing food production. This project is generating the economic, social and biophysical knowledge base for the development of indigenous fertilizers that provide local business opportunities, are as or more effective and less expensive than imported fertilizers. Resource mapping identifies local food and processing wastes that are rich in nutrients. Innovative yet simple technology based on thermochemical and enzymatic conversion is utilized and acceptance by farmers tested.
Small grains provide multiple benefits to organic farms, but are often underutilized because of their relatively low economic value. Our value added grains project has added value in multiple ways to wheat and specialty grain crops to substantially increase their production and enhance the diversity and sustainability of organic farms. By providing the farmer with rotation options the efficiency of production is increased for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits. Specialty grains grown organically are environmentally friendly crops and help reduce soil erosion.
An on-farm field day was held to inform farmers of the benefits of subsurface tile drainage. The event was planned by three CCE regional and the local soil and water conservation districts. The topic of soil health was broad to cover multiple commodities.
A field study was established in 2012 to evaluate the effect that vigorous cultivation (rototilling) may have on improving the efficacy of currently registered herbicides. The target weed, mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris), has deep rhizomes that often allow it to escape complete control with available herbicides. If a late summer rototilling can reduce the size of the rhizomes and bring them closer to the surface, then fall-applied herbicides should be more effective in preventing the smaller rhizomes from regenerating shoots the following spring.
The Bioenergy and Bioproducts Education Programs provide professional development opportunities and hands-on teaching tools for educators (grades 6-16, pre-service and in-service, and extension) on the topics of bioenergy and bioproducts. Annually, this USDA-funded program, led by Cornell University, operates through five sites in four states (New York, Maryland, Ohio, and Delaware) in the Northeastern U.S. to provide summer workshops, internships and more than 60 teacher training positions.
The Northern Grapes Project aims at developing research-based viticulture, enology, and marketing recommendations for novel cold-climate wine grape cultivars that support a growing rural small-winery industry in the upper Midwest and New England.
As a nation, we depend on farms to produce a constant supply of safe, nutritious food. In addition, U.S. agriculture is a significant contributor to our economy, international trade, and cultural identity. Natural or man-made disasters can have a substantial impact on the safety and security of our nation’s food supply and economic health. One effective way to reduce the impact of disasters is through education, stressing steps to improve disaster preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery.
This work will provide solutions for minimizing microbial biofilm formation and pathogen contamination in food processing plants, thus reducing the incidence of food-borne illness.
The Cornell Small Grains Breeding and Genetics Project has released a new soft white winter wheat variety called Medina with exceptionally high grain yield, grain quality and disease resistance. This variety is moderately resistant to fusarium head blight and is more sprout resistant than older varieties, thus increasing the efficiency of production for the farmer and thereby resulting in higher profits.